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Patterns of innervation were examined in tandem muscle spindles teased from silver-stained muscles of the cat neck. Each tandem spindle was composed of two or more encapsulated receptors linked in series by a shared bag2 fiber. In most tandem spindles, two different types of encapsulation were identified according to differences in their intrafusal fiber(More)
The encapsulated sensory endings of mammalian skeletal muscles are all mechanoreceptors. At the most basic functional level they serve as length sensors (muscle spindle primary and secondary endings), tension sensors (tendon organs), and pressure or vibration sensors (lamellated corpuscles). At a higher functional level, the differing roles of individual(More)
1. Eleven cat tenuissimus spindles have been analysed mainly by cutting serial, transverse, 1 micrometer thick sections following direct observation of the effects of dynamic motor (gamma or beta) stimulation. 2. Histological results from these spindles were also used to interpret the effects of static fusimotor stimulation of other spindles. 3. Dynamic(More)
1. Intrafusal muscle fibres of cat tenuissimus spindles have been injected with the fluorescent dye Procion Yellow and identified histologically after recording their changes in membrane potential during 1/sec stimulation of single static or dynamic gamma axons. 2. Thirteen intrafusal muscle fibres innervated by static gamma axons were identified as eight(More)
Results are presented of examining the postcrush sensory reinnervation of cat peroneus brevis muscle spindles previously investigated physiologically by Hyde and Scott. It is shown that primary and secondary endings were successfully restored in their final form in the early stages of recovery. The primary endings were shorter than normal and had fewer(More)
After nerve injury muscles remain denervated until axons return to begin reinnervation and recovery. The delay between injury and recovery in human limb nerves averages 13 weeks after crush, and 16 weeks after transection and suture. In order to assess the effects of such long denervation periods on the recovery of cat muscle receptors, we crushed the(More)
The presynaptic features of 234 motor endings supplied to cat hindlimb muscle spindles have been studied in teased, silver preparations, and the postsynaptic features of a further 27 endings have been studied in serial, 1 micron thick, transverse sections. In the presynaptic study motor endings received by the three types of intrafusal muscle fibre were(More)