M. J. Sánchez-Ledesma

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Previous studies of our group showed that C1-C2 spinal cord stimulation increases carotid and brain blood flow in normal conditions in the goat and dog and it has a beneficial vasomotor effect in a model of vasospasm in the rat. For further clinical application it seemed rational to investigate the possible vascular changes mediated by this technique in(More)
Since it is accepted that spinal cord stimulation may produce segmentary vasodilation, it is presumable that when applied in the high cervical segments some carotid and cerebral blood flow changes can be expected. Following this assumption, 25 dogs and 25 goats were used. Under routine experimental conditions a C 7 laminectomy was performed in these animals(More)
The vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy is a new neurostimulation technique used for treating pharmacoresistant epilepsy. It can be considered an effective and safe alternative for the treatment of refractory epilepsy patients. In the present review, we describe the surgical implantation technique, its indications and results achieved until now. We will(More)
It is presumed today that spinal cord stimulation induces local delivery of vasoactive substances, such as prostacyclins, histamine, substance P, and vasoactive neuropeptides, in the perivascular environment and the vascular wall to mediate the segmental vasodilator response. To investigate this mechanism, 9 dogs were subjected to low thoracic spinal cord(More)
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) was used in 49 cases to control resistant deafferentation pain resulting from causalgia, phantom limb, plexus and nerve root avulsion, postherpetic neuralgia, reflex sympathetic dystrophy and amputation. In all cases, one or two standard percutaneous leads were introduced into the epidural space and manipulated until the spinal(More)
Today it is accepted that chronic infusion of baclofen produces significant relaxation and drastic reduction of spasms, amelioration of cramping pain and improvement of sphincter functions in spasticity of spinal cord origin. Based on these results our group had the opportunity of treating 11 cases with refractory spasticity and dystonic symptoms due to(More)
Based on current controversies on optimal treatment for spontaneous intracerebral haematomas, chronic experiments to investigate the validity of open surgery, stereotactic evacuation and local urokinase administration in these lesions were performed in 52 dogs. Under general anesthesia diverse volumes of autologous blood were intracerebrally injected to(More)
On the basis of previous experimental and clinical studies, 14 patients with severe spasticity due to central or spinal cord damage, resistant to all conservative treatments, were selected after a percutaneous trial period for chronic intrathecal baclofen infusion by programmable pumps. The agent was delivered at C4 in quadriplegic patients or in cases with(More)
High frequency stimulation of the cervical spinal cord was used in an attempt to moderate motor disorders in 10 patients, 5 spastics, 3 dystonics and 2 with spasmodic torticollis. Through a C4 flavectomy a quadripolar flat electrode was introduced into the epidural space, placing the first terminal at C2. Electrical parameters for stimulation were(More)
The training of medical students demands practice of skills in scenarios as close as possible to real ones that on one hand ensure acquisition of competencies, and on the other, avoid putting patients at risk. This study shows the practicality of using high definition mannequins (SimMan 3G) in scenarios of first attention in neurological emergencies so that(More)