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Cloning of MAO (monoamine oxidase) A and B has demonstrated unequivocally that these enzymes are made up of different polypeptides, and our understanding of MAO structure, regulation, and function has been significantly advanced by studies using their cDNA. MAO A and B genes are located on the X-chromosome (Xp11.23) and comprise 15 exons with identical(More)
MAO (monoamine oxidase) A and B are key isoenzymes that degrade biogenic and dietary amines. MAO A preferentially oxidizes serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE), whereas MAO B preferentially oxidizes phenylethylamine (PEA). Both forms can oxidize dopamine (DA). However, the substrate specificity overlap and the in vivo function of(More)
Mice deficient in monoamine oxidase A (MAO A) have elevated brain levels of 5-HT and manifest enhanced aggression. We used these mice as a model to study the role of 5-HT in aggression. Our results show that ketanserin and tetrabenazine (TBZ) strikingly abolished the aggressive behavior of MAO A-deficient mice. The anti-aggressive effect of ketanserin may(More)
There is evidence that acute exposure to kainic acid (KA) induces the release of endogenous ligands for opioid receptors and that mu-opioid agonists intensify KA-induced neurodegeneration. The aim of the present study was to investigate any acute toxic effects of KA upon mu-opioid receptors labelled with [3H]-DAMGO. 200-250 g rats were injected(More)
Mice deficient in monoamine oxidase A (MAO A) have increased brain levels of serotonin (5-HT) and norepinephrine and show enhanced aggression. We used MAO A knock-out (KO) mice as a model to study the effect of ginkgo biloba (EGb) on aggression. When EGb was administered to MAO A KO mice, their aggressive behavior in resident-intruder confrontations was(More)
Acute exposure to kainic acid (KA) induces neurochemical changes in dopaminergic systems in the brain and the aim of the present study was to investigate the acute toxicity of KA upon dopamine D2 receptors. Adult rats were injected intraperitoneally with either saline or 16 mg/kg KA. Brains were removed after 4 h. Membrane homogenates were prepared from(More)
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