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The effect of several chemical reagents on the sodium current was studied in voltage-clamped single nerve fibers of the frog. The oxidants halazone and hypochlorous acid drastically inhibited inactivation. Their effect was similar to that of chloramine T (Wang, 1984a). The curve relating the steady-state inactivation parameter h infinity to the conditioning(More)
To test the possible role of lysine residues in Na channel function the effects of several imidoesters on Na and gating currents were studied in voltage-clamped single frog nerve fibers. Mono- and bisimidoesters were used. These reagents modify amino groups exclusively and do not change the net charge. The three bisimidoesters used easily introduce(More)
Voltage-clamped single nerve fibers of the frog Rana esculenta were treated with the carboxyl group activating reagent N-ethoxy-carbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) in the presence of different primary amines and without added amine. Carboxyl groups form stable amide bonds with primary amines in the presence of EEDQ. EEDQ treatment reduced the(More)
BACKGROUND Light-stimulated excitation causes a decrease of the cGMP concentration in vertebrate photoreceptor cells. The cGMP content is restored by the catalytic action of a guanylate cyclase (EC METHODS The spatial distribution of guanylate cyclase was determined cytochemically in rod visual cells of the mouse. RESULTS In retinal tissue of(More)
  • I Balboa, G Arnoux, +9 authors M Rack
  • 2012
For the new ITER-like wall at JET, two new infrared diagnostics (KL9B, KL3B) have been installed. These diagnostics can operate between 3.5 and 5 μm and up to sampling frequencies of ∼20 kHz. KL9B and KL3B image the horizontal and vertical tiles of the divertor. The divertor tiles are tungsten coated carbon fiber(More)
A novel technique has been developed for the fabrication of Si quantum dot structures with controllable electron number through both top and side gates. We have tested devices ranging in size from 40 to 200 nm. By varying the density with the top gate, and controlling the input and output barriers of the dot with the side gates, conductance peaks are(More)
Previous studies suggest that more than one single light-stimulated transduction pathway seems to be present in photoreceptor cells of invertebrates. Accordingly, more than one light-dependent G-protein has been detected in squid photoreceptor cells. Two different antibodies were used to locate the distribution of G-proteins in Sepia photoreceptors. One(More)
The distribution of cyclic 3',5'-nucleotide phosphodiesterase activity was determined in photoreceptor cells of the fly Calliphora erythrocephala. With cAMP as substrate, staining was most intense within the phototransducing region of these cells, the rhabdomeral microvilli and also in the extracellular space surrounding the microvilli and in the(More)