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BACKGROUND Sensitive techniques for detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) at degrees of one leukaemic cell per 10(3)-10(6) cells (10(-3)-10(-6)) during follow-up of children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) can provide insight into the effectiveness of cytotoxic treatment. However, it is not yet clear how information on MRD can be applied to(More)
Analysis of minimal residual disease (MRD) can predict outcome in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). A large prospective study in childhood ALL has shown that MRD analysis using immunoglobulin (Ig) and T cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangements as PCR targets can identify good and poor prognosis groups of substantial size that might profit from treatment(More)
Immunoglobulin (Ig) and T-cell receptor (TCR) genes are rearranged in virtually all acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cases. However, the recombination patterns display several unusual features as compared to normal lymphoid counterparts. Cross-lineage gene rearrangements occur in more than 90% of precursor-B-ALL and in approximately 20% of T-ALL, whereas(More)
Virtually all immunoglobulin kappa (IGK) gene deletions are mediated via rearrangements of the so-called kappa deleting element (Kde). Kde rearrangements occur either to Vkappa gene segments (Vkappa-Kde rearrangements) or to the heptamer recombination signal sequence in the Jkappa-Ckappa intron. Kde rearrangements were analyzed by the polymerase chain(More)
A large series of 202 childhood precursor-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients was analyzed by Southern blotting (SB) for cross-lineage rearrangements and/or deletions in the T cell receptor TCRB, TCRG and TCRD loci. In 93% (187/201) of the precursor-B-ALL patients one or more genes were rearranged and/or deleted. TCRB gene rearrangements were(More)
Rearranged IGH genes were detected by Southern blotting in 22% of 118 cases of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and involved monoallelic and biallelic rearrangements in 69% (18/26) and 31% (8/26) of these cases, respectively. IGH gene rearrangements were found in 19% (13/69) of CD3(-) T-ALL and in 50% of TCRgammadelta+ T-ALL (12/24), whereas only a(More)
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