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PURPOSE To compare the concentration of amino acids in subretinal and vitreous fluid of patients with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment to that of control vitreous. METHODS This prospective, observational study measured amino-acid levels in subretinal fluid of patients undergoing scleral buckle placement (n=20) and vitreous fluid in patients(More)
Patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and normal or mildly increased transaminases may have sustained significant liver damage, as verified by liver biopsy. However, no suitable noninvasive method exists for identifying liver necroinflammation in such patients. We aimed to investigate the power of microRNA-124 as a novel biomarker for(More)
We report a pump-probe femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopic study on the electron transfer reaction of CCl(4) in liquid ethanol. By direct observations of the presolvated electron and of the reaction transition state CCl(4) (*-), this study provides direct evidence of the resonant dissociative electron transfer (RDET) of the presolvated electron(More)
BACKGROUND Renal dialysis patients are a subgroup at major operative risk when undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Even though CABG without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has decreased the surgical risk and provided good short-term results, the long-term survival seems uncertain. We report here on the long-term outcome of CABG without CPB in(More)
We report a rare case of direct intracavitary metastasis of a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to the right ventricle (RV) without intravascular involvement. A 65-year-old female, with a history of HCC and partial right hepatectomy, developed symptoms of congestive heart failure. Echocardiography revealed a large tumor in the RV with extension to the outflow(More)
Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) plays an important role in maintaining the tolerance and may interfere with host innate and adaptive immune responses; therefore, novel therapeutic strategies to reduce HBsAg loads in patients infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) are emerging as an attractive but challenging issue. Metformin could regulate hepatic(More)
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