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In contrast to cutaneous melanoma, there is no evidence that BRAF mutations are involved in the activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway in uveal melanoma, although there is increasing evidence that this pathway is activated frequently in the latter tumours. In this study, we performed mutation analysis of the RAS and BRAF genes in(More)
A human uveal melanoma cell line (92-1) was established from a primary uveal melanoma, and has now been maintained in culture for over 2 1/2 years. Light microscopy of the cultured cells demonstrated extremely pleiomorphic cells with large prominent nucleoli. Cell proliferation was determined with a non-radioactive propidium-iodide assay and indicated an in(More)
Cutaneous melanoma is highly immunogenic, yet primary melanomas and metastases develop successfully in otherwise immunocompetent patients. To investigate the local immunosuppressive microenvironment, we examined the presence of suppressor T lymphocytes and tolerising dendritic cells (DCs), the expression of immunosuppressive cytokines (IL-10, TGFbeta1 and(More)
PURPOSE Allelic variations of the melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) gene have been linked to red hair and sun-sensitive skin types and may play a role in the susceptibility to develop cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM). To define the role of MC1R gene in uveal melanoma, a case control study was performed, in which the presence of MC1R gene variations in uveal(More)
Monocyte specific antigens are relevant in renal and bone marrow transplantation, but a reproducible monocyte-antigen system has not yet been recognized. In order to establish a sensitive test system with reproducible results in monocyte serology, 3 different monocyte cytotoxicity techniques were compared. In our hands the two-colour fluorescence test on(More)
Uveal melanoma (UM) is a genetically and biologically distinct type of melanoma, and once metastatic there is no effective treatment currently available. Eighty percent of UMs harbor mutations in the Gαq family members GNAQ and GNA11. Understanding the effector pathways downstream of these oncoproteins is important to identify opportunities for targeted(More)
We investigated the contribution of epigenetic mechanisms in MHC2TA transcriptional silencing in uveal melanoma. Although no correlation was observed between impaired CIITA transcript levels after IFN-gamma induction and DNA methylation of MHC2TA promoter IV (CIITA-PIV), an association was found with high levels of trimethylated histone H3-lysine 27(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the safety of ulipristal acetate in emergency contraception. STUDY DESIGN Postmarketing pharmacovigilance data collection. RESULTS A total of 553 women experienced 1049 adverse drug reactions. The most frequent (n,%) were pregnancies (282, 6.8%); nausea, abdominal pain and vomiting (139, 13.3%); headache, dizziness (67, 6.4%); and(More)
In a retrospective study we evaluated 49 consecutive penetrating keratoplasties for herpes simplex keratitis. Mean follow-up was 44.2 months. Survival analysis with Kaplan-Meier curve showed an overall survival rate (clear graft) of 88% at one year, 76% at two years and 72% at four years postoperatively. Survival analysis showed a recurrence-free survival(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the expression of the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) with special focus on its role in cell growth in uveal melanoma. METHODS Paraffin material from 36 clinicopathologically well characterized cases of primary uveal melanomas (18 of which had metastasized to the liver) with more than 15 years' follow-up was used for(More)