M-J Gaillard

Learn More
Fire regimes have changed during the Holocene due to changes in climate, vegetation, and in human practices. Here, we hypothesise that changes in fire regime may have affected the global CO2 concentration in the atmosphere through the Holocene. Our data are based on quantitative reconstructions of biomass burning deduced from stratified charcoal records(More)
We adapted in French the Frenchay Dysarthria Assessment (FDA) developed by P. Enderby in 1983. This tool quantitatively evaluates the organs involved in speech and provides a measurement of intelligibility. Productions of normal subjects were analyzed. Reproductibility of data (correlation and interobserver concordance) was high in 18 dysarthric patients. A(More)
We present experimental results for proton ionization of water molecules based on a novel event by event analysis of the different ions produced (and lost). We are able to obtain mass analyzed product ion signals (e.g., H2O+, OH+, O+, O++, H+) in coincidence with the projectile analyzed after the collision, i.e., either being H+, neutral H after single(More)
By selecting specific decay reactions in high-energy collisions (60 keV/amu) of hydrogen cluster ions with a helium target (utilizing event-by-event data of a recently developed multicoincidence experiment) and by deriving corresponding temperatures for these microcanonical cluster ensembles (analyzing respective fragment distributions), we are able to(More)
This study aims to evaluate the direct effects of anthropogenic deforestation on simulated climate at two contrasting periods in the Holocene, ∼ 6 and ∼ 0.2 k BP in Europe. We apply We apply the Rossby Centre regional climate model RCA3, a regional climate model with 50 km spatial resolution, for both time periods, considering three alternative descriptions(More)
High-energy collisions ( 60 keV/amu) of hydrogen cluster ions with a helium target have been completely analyzed on an event-by-event basis. By selecting specific decay reactions we can start after the energizing collision with a microcanonical cluster ion ensemble of fixed excitation energy and we derive corresponding temperatures of the decaying cluster(More)
The lake Bjäresjösjön, Southern Scania, Southern Sweden, was studied in the context of the project ‘The cultural landscape of the past 6000 years in Southern Sweden’. Pollen, plant macrofossils, diatoms, physical and chemical analysis, magnetic measurements and radiometric methods (210Pb, 14C) have been used to study palaeoecological changes, i.e. climate,(More)
We present quantitative reconstructions of regional vegetation cover in north-western Europe, western Europe north of the Alps, and eastern Europe for five time windows in the Holocene [around 6k, 3k, 0.5k, 0.2k, and 0.05k calendar years before present (bp)] at a 1° × 1° spatial scale with the objective of producing vegetation descriptions suitable for(More)
Results of recent beam teats of a physics prototype Cerenkov Rig Imaging Detector (CRID) for the SLD experiment at the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) are presented. The system includes both liquid (C~F’IJ) and gas (isobutane) radiators and an 80 cm long Time Projection Chamber (TPC) with a gaseous TMAE (Tetrakis-Dimethylamino-Ethylene) photocathode and charge(More)