M J Evanich

Learn More
The effects of electrode position and gastric-balloon anchoring on esophageal diaphragmatic EMG (EMGdi) responses to CO2 rebreathing were studied in seven normal sitting humans using an esophageal catheter that consisted of four platinum wire coils enabling simultaneous recording of three EMGdi signals from three different sites in the esophagus. A gastric(More)
To determine a reliable quantitative method of measuring diaphragmatic EMG (EMGdi), electrical activity of the diaphragm was obtained via an esophageal electrode during CO2 rebreathing in 6 normal males and processed three different ways: 1) integration (area), 2) as a moving time average, and 3) as a moving time variance. Integrated activity was quantified(More)
We determined the relationship between mouth occlusion pressure and diaphragmatic electromyography during CO2 rebreathing with and without inspiratory flow resistance. Diaphragmatic electromyography was measured as a moving time average; occlusion pressures were measured 150 msec after onset of an inspiratory effort against a closed airway (P.15). P.15(More)
To evaluate mouth occlusion pressure as an index of neural drive to the respiratory muscles that is independent of lung mechanics, the occlusion pressure response to rebreathing was studied in 7 normal subjects under control conditions and during flow-resistive loading. Inspiratory, expiratory, and combined inspiratory-expiratory flow resistances of 5 and(More)
The EMGdi response to both isocapnic hypoxia and hyperoxic hypercapnia was studied in the same sitting in six normal subjects. Rebreathing methods achieving "open loop" conditions were used. EMGdi was quantified as a moving time average. In almost all subjects, during hypoxia changes in EMGdi were inversely and hyperbolically related to changes in PAO2.(More)
Frequency response analysis was used to determine the dynamic response characteristics of cat diaphragm under isovolumetric conditions at functional residual capacity (FRC) and at lung volumes above and below FRC. In apneic cats, sinusoidally modulated pulse rate patterns were applied to both phrenic nerves. Modulation frequencies over the range of 0.05-4(More)
Changes in phrenic nerve activity, quantified as a moving time average, PNG(t), were characterized during complete airway occlusion at functional residual capacity (FRC) and compared to simultaneously occurring changes in intratracheal pressure. In anesthetized cats breathing room air and during CO2 breathing, PNG(t) during occlusion was the same as that(More)