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To determine a reliable quantitative method of measuring diaphragmatic EMG (EMGdi), electrical activity of the diaphragm was obtained via an esophageal electrode during CO2 rebreathing in 6 normal males and processed three different ways: 1) integration (area), 2) as a moving time average, and 3) as a moving time variance. Integrated activity was quantified(More)
The EMGdi response to both isocapnic hypoxia and hyperoxic hypercapnia was studied in the same sitting in six normal subjects. Rebreathing methods achieving "open loop" conditions were used. EMGdi was quantified as a moving time average. In almost all subjects, during hypoxia changes in EMGdi were inversely and hyperbolically related to changes in PAO2.(More)
Changes in phrenic nerve activity, quantified as a moving time average, PNG(t), were characterized during complete airway occlusion at functional residual capacity (FRC) and compared to simultaneously occurring changes in intratracheal pressure. In anesthetized cats breathing room air and during CO2 breathing, PNG(t) during occlusion was the same as that(More)
The effects of inspiratory flow resistance on mouth occlusion pressure (P0.15) and diaphragmatic EMG (EMGdi) responses to CO2 rebreathing were studied in normal subjects. Occlusion pressures were measured 150 msec after onset of an inspiratory effect; EMGdi was analyzed as a moving time average and quantified in terms of peak activity and rate of rise of(More)
W e have evaluated the relationship between respiratory nerve and muscle electrical activity and airway occlusion pressure in both anesthetized animals and conscious humans. This relationship which reflects the coupling of the neuromuscular components of the respiratory control system was studied under conditions of unloaded and loaded breathing. In(More)
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