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Cytokine-activated human endothelial cells express vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), which binds lymphocytes. We now identify the integrin VLA-4 as a receptor for VCAM-1 because VLA-4 surface expression on K-562 cells (following transfection of the VLA alpha 4 subunit cDNA) resulted in specific cell adhesion to VCAM-1, and anti-VLA-4 antibodies(More)
The capability of the integrin VLA-3 to function as a receptor for collagen (Coll), laminin (Lm), and fibronectin (Fn) was addressed using both whole cell adhesion assays and ligand affinity columns. Analysis of VLA-3-mediated cell adhesion was facilitated by the use of a small cell lung carcinoma line (NCI-H69), which expresses VLA-3 but few other(More)
The integrin heterodimer VLA-2, previously known as a collagen receptor, is now shown also to be a laminin receptor. Adhesion of the human melanoma cell line LOX to laminin was inhibited by anti-VLA alpha 2 antibodies. Because VLA-2-mediated LOX cell attachment to laminin was not inhibited by digestion with collagenase, collagen contamination of laminin was(More)
The human integrin VLA (very late activation antigens)-4 (CD49d/CD29), the leukocyte receptor for both the CS-1 region of plasma fibronectin (Fn) and the vascular cell surface adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), also mediates homotypic aggregation upon triggering with specific anti-VLA-4 monoclonal antibody (mAb). Epitope mapping of this integrin on the human(More)
Atherosclerotic lesion development is characterized by the recruitment of leukocytes, principally monocytes, to the vessel wall. Considerable interest has been focused on the adhesion molecule(s) involved in leukocyte/endothelial interactions. The goal of the present study was to determine the role of the very late antigen-4 (VLA-4) integrin/ligand(More)
Most mononuclear leukocytes and cell lines express the integrin alpha 4 beta 1 (VLA-4) heterodimer. In this study we have used Northern blotting and immunoprecipitation experiments to demonstrate that a B lymphoblastoid cell line (JY) expressed the integrin beta 7 subunit in association with alpha 4. These alpha 4 beta 7-positive JY cells bound poorly or(More)
Expression of fibronectin (FN) isoforms containing CS1, a 25-amino acid sequence present within the alternatively spliced IIICS region of FN, has been analyzed in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovium. Unexpectedly, CS1-containing FN variants were exclusively found on endothelium but not extracellular matrix (ECM) of RA synovium. Lumenal expression of CS1 on(More)
We have shown previously that treatment of human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) with minimally modified low-density lipoprotein (MM-LDL) induces monocyte but not neutrophil binding. This monocyte binding was not mediated by endothelial E-selectin, P-selectin, vascular cell adhesion molecule-I, or intercellular adhesion molecule-I, suggesting an(More)
We have developed a murine model of delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) to the chemical oxazalone. Purification of T lymphocytes from immunized animals allows adoptive transfer of the specific DTH response into naive recipients injected intravenously with primed T cells. Transfer of DTH elicited by injection with immune T cells can be specifically inhibited(More)
T cell development in the thymus requires the establishment of stable interactions with cell-selecting elements such as the cortical epithelium followed by a regulated movement of selected progenitors to the medulla. Cell adhesion and migration are mediated by integrins in a number of biological systems though little is known regarding their function in the(More)