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Cytokine-activated human endothelial cells express vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), which binds lymphocytes. We now identify the integrin VLA-4 as a receptor for VCAM-1 because VLA-4 surface expression on K-562 cells (following transfection of the VLA alpha 4 subunit cDNA) resulted in specific cell adhesion to VCAM-1, and anti-VLA-4 antibodies(More)
The capability of the integrin VLA-3 to function as a receptor for collagen (Coll), laminin (Lm), and fibronectin (Fn) was addressed using both whole cell adhesion assays and ligand affinity columns. Analysis of VLA-3-mediated cell adhesion was facilitated by the use of a small cell lung carcinoma line (NCI-H69), which expresses VLA-3 but few other(More)
T cell development in the thymus requires the establishment of stable interactions with cell-selecting elements such as the cortical epithelium followed by a regulated movement of selected progenitors to the medulla. Cell adhesion and migration are mediated by integrins in a number of biological systems though little is known regarding their function in the(More)
Primary cultures of human astrocytes, expressing glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), were obtained from postmortem brain tissue samples. These cultured astrocytes produced an extracellular matrix (ECM), containing laminin (Ln) and fibronectin (Fn), as shown with specific antibodies. The perinuclear staining observed in these cells indicated that these(More)
Leukocyte extravasation is mediated by multiple interactions of adhesive surface structures with ligands on endothelial cells and matrix components. The functional role of beta 1 (CD29) integrins (or very late antigen [VLA] proteins) in eosinophil migration across polycarbonate filters was examined under several in vitro conditions. Eosinophil migration(More)
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