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BACKGROUND Laparoscopic management of appendicitis and symptomatic cholelithiasis during pregnancy remains controversial. We report the single largest series of laparoscopic cholecystectomies and appendectomies during pregnancy. METHODS Medical records of all pregnant patients who underwent open or laparoscopic management of appendicitis/cholelithiasis at(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the effect of water fluoridated to 1 ppm on the incidence of hip fractures in the elderly. DESIGN Ecological cohort. SETTING The incidence of femoral neck fractures in patients 65 years of age or older was compared in three communities in Utah, one with and two without water fluoridated to 1 ppm. PATIENTS All patients with hip(More)
Methotrexate therapy has been effective in the treatment of RA with short term experience suggesting little serious adverse reactions. Our review of 168 patients receiving methotrexate has identified nine patients with probable or possible methotrexate-induced pulmonary toxicity, giving a prevalence of 5% and an incidence of 3.9 per 100 patients per year.(More)
A composite index for estimating improvement in individual rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients during trials of slow-acting, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) was developed by analyzing the responses of 130 placebo-treated participants in Cooperative Systematic Studies of Rheumatic Diseases studies. If responses in 4 of 6 selected measures were(More)
A retrospective, clinical, epidemiologic, and risk-factor analysis was performed on 21 recipients of cardiac allografts who had experienced nocardiosis since the inception of the cardiac transplantation program at Stanford University Medical Center in 1968. The lung was the primary and only detectable site of infection in 17 (81%) of 21 patients, and there(More)
Thirty-seven patients with psoriatic arthritis were entered into a 12-week prospective, controlled, double-blind multicenter trial comparing placebo and oral pulse methotrexate therapy. Methotrexate was given in a dose of 2.5-5.0 mg every 12 hours in 3 consecutive doses per week. A stable background medication program with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory(More)
A comparison of placebo, auranofin, and parenteral gold sodium thiomalate therapy in 209 patients with active rheumatoid arthritis was performed in a 21-week prospective, controlled, double-blind multicenter trial. When the 161 patients who completed at least 20 weeks of treatment were analyzed for different degrees of response, no remissions were(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of calf-thigh sequential pneumatic compression devices with the effectiveness of plantar venous intermittent pneumatic compression devices in prevention of venous thrombosis after major trauma. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We evaluated 181 consecutive patients after major trauma without lower extremity injuries that(More)
Health status measures are conceptually relevant to the assessment of clinical outcome in the rheumatic diseases, but their ability to detect meaningful changes in health has not been clearly demonstrated. This report describes the performance of a self-administered health status questionnaire in a randomized, double-blind, 21-week comparison of placebo,(More)
A population-based case-control study was conducted to assess the association between breast cancer risk, body mass index (BMI) and adolescent dietary fat and fiber consumption. Data were collected in Utah from white female cases (N = 172) and controls (N = 190) between the ages of 20 and 54 years. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% test-based confidence intervals(More)