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BACKGROUND Laparoscopic management of appendicitis and symptomatic cholelithiasis during pregnancy remains controversial. We report the single largest series of laparoscopic cholecystectomies and appendectomies during pregnancy. METHODS Medical records of all pregnant patients who underwent open or laparoscopic management of appendicitis/cholelithiasis at(More)
A composite index for estimating improvement in individual rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients during trials of slow-acting, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) was developed by analyzing the responses of 130 placebo-treated participants in Cooperative Systematic Studies of Rheumatic Diseases studies. If responses in 4 of 6 selected measures were(More)
A comparison of placebo, auranofin, and parenteral gold sodium thiomalate therapy in 209 patients with active rheumatoid arthritis was performed in a 21-week prospective, controlled, double-blind multicenter trial. When the 161 patients who completed at least 20 weeks of treatment were analyzed for different degrees of response, no remissions were(More)
A population-based case-control study was conducted to assess the association between breast cancer risk, body mass index (BMI) and adolescent dietary fat and fiber consumption. Data were collected in Utah from white female cases (N = 172) and controls (N = 190) between the ages of 20 and 54 years. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% test-based confidence intervals(More)
Methotrexate therapy has been effective in the treatment of RA with short term experience suggesting little serious adverse reactions. Our review of 168 patients receiving methotrexate has identified nine patients with probable or possible methotrexate-induced pulmonary toxicity, giving a prevalence of 5% and an incidence of 3.9 per 100 patients per year.(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of calf-thigh sequential pneumatic compression devices with the effectiveness of plantar venous intermittent pneumatic compression devices in prevention of venous thrombosis after major trauma. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We evaluated 181 consecutive patients after major trauma without lower extremity injuries that(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the relative safety and efficacy of naproxen and acetaminophen in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. The major outcome measures were radiographic progression and withdrawal from the trial due to lack of efficacy. METHODS One hundred seventy-eight patients with OA of the knee were enrolled in a 2-year prospective,(More)
OBJECTIVE (1) To review the diagnoses after 10 years in patients who were identified within 12 months of the onset of well established and undifferentiated connective tissue diseases (CTD). (2) To examine the death rates and disease remissions in these patients. METHODS This inception cohort of 410 patients had less than one year of signs and/or symptoms(More)
Two hundred twenty-five patients with active severe rheumatoid arthritis were admitted to a multiclinic, controlled, double-blind trial comparing the use of 500 mg D-penicillamine per day, 125 mg D-penicillamine per day, and placebo. One hundred seventy-one patients completed at least 30 weeks of therapy. The 500 mg D-penicillamine group demonstrated(More)
INTRODUCTION Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been shown to be associated with activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, endothelial dysfunction, and increased sympathetic activity, all of which could lead to hypertension (HTN). While the effects of HTN on AF incidence and arrhythmogenesis have been reported, the long-term effects of AF on blood(More)