M. J. Downie

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As the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, grows within its host erythrocyte it induces an increase in the permeability of the erythrocyte membrane to a range of low-molecular-mass solutes, including Na+ and K+ (ref. 1). This results in a progressive increase in the concentration of Na+ in the erythrocyte cytosol. The parasite cytosol has a relatively(More)
Repeated immunizations with whole Plasmodium blood stage parasites and concomitant drug cure of infection confer protective immunity against parasite challenge in mice, monkeys and humans. Moreover, it was recently shown that infections with genetically modified rodent malaria blood stage parasites conferred sterile protection against lethal blood stage(More)
Like all parasitic protozoa, the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum lacks the enzymes required for de novo synthesis of purines and it is therefore reliant upon the salvage of these compounds from the external environment. P. falciparum equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (PfENT1) is a nucleoside transporter that has been localized to the(More)
Hypoxanthine, a nucleobase, serves as the major source of the essential purine group for the intraerythrocytic malaria parasite. In this study we have measured the uptake of hypoxanthine, and that of the related purine nucleobase adenine, by mature blood-stage Plasmodium falciparum parasites isolated from their host cells by saponin-permeabilisation of the(More)
The malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, is unable to synthesize the purine ring de novo and is therefore wholly dependent upon purine salvage from the host for survival. Previous studies have indicated that a P. falciparum strain in which the purine transporter PfNT1 had been disrupted was unable to grow on physiological concentrations of adenosine,(More)
In a recent paper, Quashie et al. have proposed that purine uptake into the intraerythrocytic malaria parasite involves four different plasma membrane transporters - two high affinity and two low affinity. They equate one of the two high-affinity transporters with PfNT1, a transporter reported previously to be a low-affinity system. Here, we offer an(More)
The survival and proliferation of the obligate intracellular malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum require salvage of essential purines from the host. Genetic studies have previously shown that the parasite plasma membrane purine permease, PfNT1, plays an essential function in the transport of all naturally occurring purine nucleosides and nucleobases(More)
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