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Many cnidarians utilize green-fluorescent proteins (GFPs) as energy-transfer acceptors in bioluminescence. GFPs fluoresce in vivo upon receiving energy from either a luciferase-oxyluciferin excited-state complex or a Ca(2+)-activated phosphoprotein. These highly fluorescent proteins are unique due to the chemical nature of their chromophore, which is(More)
Renilla reniformis is an anthozoan coelenterate capable of exhibiting bioluminescence. Bioluminescence in Renilla results from the oxidation of coelenterate luciferin (coelenterazine) by luciferase [Renilla-luciferin:oxygen 2-oxidoreductase (decarboxylating), EC 1.13.12.5]. In vivo, the excited state luciferin-luciferase complex undergoes the process of(More)
Luciferase from the anthozoan coelenterate Renilla reniformis (Renilla luciferin:oxygen 2-oxidoreductase (decarboxylating), EC 1.13.12.5.) catalyzes the bioluminescent oxidation of Renilla luciferin producing light (lambdaB 480 nm, QB 5.5%), oxyluciferin, and CO2 (Hori, K., Wampler, J.E., Matthews, J.C., and Cormier, M.J. (1973), Biochemistry 12, 4463).(More)
Aequorin is a bioluminescent protein which consists of a polypeptide chain (apoaequorin), coelenterate luciferin, and bound oxygen. Aequorin produces blue light upon binding Ca2+. We have isolated six recombinant pBR322 plasmids which contain apoaequorin cDNA sequences. A mixed synthetic pBR322 plasmids which contain apoaequorin cDNA sequences. A mixed(More)
A novel calcium-dependent protein kinase (CDPK) previously reported to be activated by the direct binding of Ca2+, and requiring neither calmodulin nor phospholipids for activity [Harmon, A.C., Putnam-Evans, C.L., & Cormier, M.J. (1987) Plant Physiol. 83, 830-837], was purified to greater than 95% homogeneity from suspension-cultured soybean cells (Glycine(More)
A protein activator of plant NAD kinase has been extracted from plant sources (peanuts and peas), purified to homogeneity, characterized, and identified as calmodulin. A comparison of the properties of calmodulin isolated from either plant or animal sources shows that they are strikingly similar proteins. The similarities include molecular weight, Stokes(More)