M. Isabel Collado

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Interactions of palmitoylsphingomyelin with cholesterol in multilamellar vesicles have been studied over a wide range of compositions and temperatures in excess water by using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. Spin labels bearing the nitroxide free radical group on the 5 or 14 C-atom in either the sn-2 stearoyl chain of phosphatidylcholine(More)
Sphingosine [(2S, 3R, 4E)-2-amino-4-octadecen-1, 3-diol] is the most common sphingoid long chain base in sphingolipids. It is the precursor of important cell signaling molecules, such as ceramides. In the last decade it has been shown to act itself as a potent metabolic signaling molecule, by activating a number of protein kinases. Moreover, sphingosine has(More)
The effects on dielaidoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DEPE) bilayers of ceramides containing different N-acyl chains have been studied by differential scanning calorimetry small angle x-ray diffraction and (31)P-NMR spectroscopy. N-palmitoyl (Cer16), N-hexanoyl (Cer6), and N-acetyl (Cer2) sphingosines have been used. Both the gel-fluid and the(More)
It has been repeatedly observed that lipid bilayers in the gel phase are solubilized by lower concentrations of Triton X-100, at least within certain temperature ranges, or other nonionic detergents than bilayers in the fluid phase. In a previous study, we showed that detergent partition coefficients into the lipid bilayer were the same for the gel and the(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is currently considered to be an important signaling molecule in cell metabolism. We studied a number of relevant biophysical properties of S1P, using mainly Langmuir balance, differential scanning calorimetry, (31)P-NMR, and infrared (IR) spectroscopy. We found that, at variance with other, structurally related sphingolipids(More)
The activity of phospholipase C/sphingomyelinase HR(2) (PlcHR(2)) from Pseudomonas aeruginosa was characterized on a variety of substrates. The enzyme was assayed on liposomes (large unilamellar vesicles) composed of PC:SM:Ch:X (1:1:1:1; mol ratio) where X could be PE, PS, PG, or CL. Activity was measured directly as disappearance of substrate after TLC(More)
Clostridium perfringens phospholipase C (CpPLC), also called α-toxin, is the main virulence factor for gas gangrene in humans. The lipase activity serves the bacterium to generate lipid signals in the host eukaryotic cell, and ultimately to degrade the host cell membranes. Several previous reports indicated that CpPLC was specific for phosphatidylcholine(More)
Lipid peroxidation plays a central role in the pathogenesis of many diseases like atherosclerosis and multiple sclerosis. We have analyzed the interaction of sphingosine with peroxidized bilayers in model membranes. Cu(2+) induced peroxidation was checked following UV absorbance at 245nm, and also using the novel Avanti snoopers®. Mass spectrometry confirms(More)
Sequential carbophilic addition of organolithium reagents and N-acyliminium ion cyclization of N-phenethylimides 1 affords the substituted isoquinolones 3 in high yields, with the possibility of varying the substituent at the C-1 position of the isoquinoline ring by changing the organolithium reagent. Ready access to the isoquinoline nucleus via Parham-type(More)
The distribution of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and sphingomyelin (SM) between the solubilized (micellar) and non-solubilized (lamellar) fractions arising from bilayers composed of PC and SM, with or without cholesterol (Chol) has been measured under conditions of partial, incomplete solubilization by Triton X-100. Quantitation is achieved by (31)P-NMR(More)