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EnvZ, a histidine kinase/phosphatase in Escherichia coli, responds to the osmolarity changes in the medium by regulating the phosphorylation state of the transcription factor OmpR, which controls the expression levels of outer membrane porin proteins OmpF and OmpC. Although both ompR and envZ genes are located on the ompB locus under the control of the ompB(More)
In prokaryotes, the toxin-antitoxin systems are thought to play important roles in growth regulation under stress conditions. In the E. coli MazE-MazF system, MazF toxin functions as an mRNA interferase cleaving mRNAs at ACA sequences to inhibit protein synthesis leading to cell growth arrest. Myxococcus xanthus is a bacterium displaying multicellular(More)
Ribosome-binding factor A (RbfA) from Escherichia coli is a cold-shock adaptation protein. It is essential for efficient processing of 16S rRNA and is suspected to interact with the 5'-terminal helix (helix I) of 16S rRNA. RbfA is a member of a large family of small proteins found in most bacterial organisms, making it an important target for structural(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which are non-coding RNAs 18-25 nt in length, regulate a variety of biological processes, including vertebrate development. To identify new species of miRNA and to simultaneously obtain a comprehensive quantitative profile of small RNA expression in mouse embryos, we used the massively parallel signature sequencing technology that(More)
In selecting a method to produce a recombinant protein, a researcher is faced with a bewildering array of choices as to where to start. To facilitate decision-making, we describe a consensus 'what to try first' strategy based on our collective analysis of the expression and purification of over 10,000 different proteins. This review presents methods that(More)
Normal cellular metabolism produces oxidants which are neutralized within cells by antioxidant enzymes and other antioxidants. An imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants has been postulated to lead to the degeneration of specific populations of neurons in neurodegenerative diseases, e.g. Parkinson's disease. The present study investigates whether(More)
The DNA sequence of a 1,076 base pair BglI-BamHI fragment containing the entire rnc gene for ribonuclease III (RNase III) was determined. An open reading frame of 681 base pairs was found in this region which encodes a protein of 227 amino acid residues (calculated molecular weight = 25,218). When this open reading frame was cloned into a high expression(More)
The New York Consortium on Membrane Protein Structure (NYCOMPS) was formed to accelerate the acquisition of structural information on membrane proteins by applying a structural genomics approach. NYCOMPS comprises a bioinformatics group, a centralized facility operating a high-throughput cloning and screening pipeline, a set of associated wet labs that(More)
In this chapter we describe the core Protein Production Platform of the Northeast Structural Genomics Consortium (NESG) and outline the strategies used for producing high-quality protein samples using Escherichia coli host vectors. The platform is centered on 6X-His affinity-tagged protein constructs, allowing for a similar purification procedure for most(More)