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In order to analyse the mechanism of cold shock induction of CspA, a major cold shock protein of Escherichia coli, deletion analysis of the cspA gene was carried out. It was found that (i) the AT-rich sequence (-47 to -38) upstream of the cspA -35 region may act as the UP element playing a crucial role in cspA transcription at both 37 degrees C and 15(More)
CspA was originally found as the major cold-shock protein in Escherichia coli, consisting of 70-amino-acid residues. It forms a beta-barrel structure with five anti-parallel beta-strands and functions as an RNA chaperone. Its dramatic but transient induction upon cold shock is regulated at the level of transcription, mRNA stability and translation.(More)
Escherichia coli osmosensor EnvZ is a protein histidine kinase that plays a central role in osmoregulation, a cellular adaptation process involving the His-Asp phosphorelay signal transduction system. Dimerization of the transmembrane protein is essential for its autophosphorylation and phosphorelay signal transduction functions. Here we present the(More)
Adaptation to environmental stresses, such as temperature fluctuation, is essential for the survival of all living organisms. Cellular responses in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes to high temperature include the synthesis of a set of highly conserved proteins known as the heat shock proteins. In contrast to the heat shock response, adaptation to low(More)
The expression of the genes for the major outer membrane proteins OmpF and OmpC are osmoregulated. The ompC locus was found to be transcribed bidirectionally under conditions of high osmolarity and a 174-base transcript encoded upstream of ompC was found to inhibit the OmpF production and to substantially reduce the amount of the ompF mRNA. This RNA(More)
AGA and AGG codons for arginine are the least used codons in Escherichia coli. Previous findings have shown that these codons are used preferentially within the first 25 codons in E. coli genes. More than 100 genes having a single AGA/AGG codon within the first 25 codons were identified to be associated with various essential cellular functions. The lacZ(More)
The cold-shock response, characterized by a specific pattern of gene expression, is induced upon a downshift in temperature and in the presence of inhibitors of ribosomal function. Here, we demonstrate that RbfA of Escherichia coli, considered to be involved in ribosomal maturation and/or initiation of translation, is a cold-shock protein. Shifting the rbfA(More)
The major cold shock protein of Escherichia coli, CspA, produced upon a rapid downshift in growth temperature, is involved in the transcriptional regulation of at least two genes. The protein shares high homology with the nucleic acid-binding domain of the Y-box factors, a family of eukaryotic proteins involved in transcriptional and translational(More)
The gene for CspA, the major cold-shock protein of Escherichia coli is known to be dramatically induced upon temperature downshift. Here, we report that three-base substitutions around the Shine-Dalgarno sequence in the 159-base 5'-untranslated region of the cspA mRNA stabilizes the mRNA 150-fold, resulting in constitutive expression of cspA at 37 degrees(More)
The cspA is a gene of Escherichia coli, whose expression is specifically induced at low temperatures to a level of 13% of total protein synthesis. The CspA protein consisting of 70 amino acid residues has high sequence similarity with eukaryotic Y-box DNA-binding proteins. We found two independent clones from the Kohara miniset phage collection, which(More)