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The promoter regions of several phorbol diester-(TPA-) inducible genes (collagenase, stromelysin, hMT IIA, and SV40) share a conserved 9 bp motif. Synthetic copies of these closely related sequences conferred TPA inducibility upon heterologous promoters. Footprinting analysis indicated that these TPA-responsive elements (TREs) are recognized by a common(More)
We have purified and characterized the 50 kd activator protein 2 (AP-2), another enhancer-binding protein interacting with the human metallothionein IIA (hMT-IIA) gene control region. Purified AP-2 activates transcription in vitro from a hybrid promoter containing hMT-IIA upstream sequences. AP-2 also recognizes control elements of the human growth hormone,(More)
Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry is used in lipidomics studies. The present research established a top-down liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS/MS) shotgun analysis method for phospholipids (PLs) using a normal-phase column or a C30 reverse-phase column with the data-dependent MS/MS scanning mode. A(More)
Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) deficiency is caused by a mutant allele in the Mongoloids. To examine whether genetic constitutions affecting aldehyde metabolism influence the risk for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD), we performed a case-control study in the Japanese population on the deficiency in ALDH2 caused by the dominant-negative(More)
CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) transcription factor family members are related by a high degree of amino acid sequence identity to the basic leucine zipper DNA-binding domain and show distinct but overlapping patterns of tissue- and stage-restricted expression. Although C/EBPalpha and C/EBPbeta have been shown to recognize a consensus sequence(More)
Here we report the molecular mechanism underlying the induction of glutathione S-transferase (GST) in rat liver epithelial RL34 cells treated with a cancer chemopreventive isothiocyanate compound, benzylisothiocyanate (BITC). BITC was found to significantly induce GST activity in RL34 cells. Northern and Western blot analyses demonstrated that BITC(More)
Analyses of molecular species of phospholipids containing choline (Ch), such as phosphatidylcholine (PC) and sphingomyelin (SM), are reported. Neutral loss scanning was applied for the selective detection of these lipids using a quadrupole-linear ion trap mass spectrometer. By using ammonium formate as an elution buffer, both PC and SM were detected as(More)
In this paper we performed focused analyses of phospholipids by using the data of precursor ion scanning and neutral loss scanning of their polar head groups and fatty acyl moieties for the specific search of categorical phospholipids. By using precursor ion scanning or neutral loss scanning of polar head groups in the positive ion mode, more sensitive(More)
Glutathione transferase P (GST-P; glutathione transferase, EC is known to be specifically expressed at high levels in precancerous lesions and in hepatocellular carcinomas from a very early phase of chemically induced hepatocarcinogenesis in the rat. The almost invariable occurrence of this phenotype in these lesions strongly suggests a mechanism(More)
The roles of the non-canonical Wnt pathway during adipogenesis are not well known, though Wnt10b is known to function as a negative regulator for adipogenesis by activating the canonical Wnt pathway. We focused on the roles of Wnt4, Wnt5a and Wnt6, which are thought to be part of the non-canonical Wnt pathway. The expression of these genes changed(More)