Learn More
The present study uses the N400 component of event-related potentials (ERPs) as a processing marker of single spoken words presented during sleep. Thirteen healthy volunteers participated in the study. The auditory ERPs were registered in response to a semantic priming paradigm made up of pairs of words (50% related, 50% unrelated) presented in the waking(More)
1. The possible antinociceptive action of GABA A receptor agonist homotaurine, has been studied through a battery of chemical (acetic acid) and thermal (hot plate, tail flick and tail immersion) tests in rats and mice. 2. The aminoacid was used at the following doses 22.25; 55.62 and 111.24 mg/kg i.p. and 50-100 micrograms i.c.v.; and measurements were made(More)
Fahr's syndrome involves calcification of basal ganglia and dentate nuclei of the cerebellum. Clinically it may present with an array of movement disorders, dementia and other behavioural disturbances. Sporadic and familial cases have been reported with or without calcium/phosphorus metabolism. A rare form of frontotemporal dementia with neurofibrillary(More)
1. The involvement of GABA(B) receptors and opioid mechanisms in homotaurine-induced analgesia has been investigated in current models of nociception by using a GABA(B) receptor antagonist, morphine, and naloxone. CGP 35348 (50-200 mg/kg IP), a highly selective GABA(B) antagonist, was administered prior to carrying out a dose-response curve of homotaurine(More)
1. Gabaergic and cholinergic mediation in the antinociceptive effect of taurine has been investigated in mice (acetic acid test) and rats (tail-flick test). 2. Scopolamine sulfate and methylnitrate exhibit intrinsic antinociceptive activity and increase the effect of taurine in mice. 3. Baclofen also increases the antinociceptive effect of taurine in mice.(More)
Tricyclic antidepressants have been shown to be useful for the treatment of pain of varying etiology. Monoaminergic systems seem to be implicated in this phenomenon. In this study, the influence of the selective beta 1- (CGP 20712A) and beta 2- (ICI 118551) adrenergic blockers on the antinociceptive effect of desipramine and nortriptyline was studied in(More)
In previous articles, antinociceptive activity for homotaurine has been demonstrated to be mediated by opioid, GABAergic and cholinergic mechanisms. GABAB-agonists affect K+-channels and it is known that K+-channels modulate specific activation of opioid receptors. In this study, we examined the involvement of K+-channels in the antinociceptive activity of(More)
The objective of this study was to establish the effects of prefrontocortical dopamine depletion on opiate withdrawal and prefrontocortical neurochemical changes elicited by morphine dependence and withdrawal. The dopaminergic content was also measured in the nucleus accumbens during withdrawal, in order to detect reactive changes induced by(More)
1. We have tested the effect of taurine on nociceptive stimulation provoked by chemical agent (acetic acid) and by the hot-plate test. 2. In the acetic acid test, taurine exerts an antinociceptive effect at every dose and time assayed. The observed effect was dose-related. 3. Naxolone pretreatment antagonizes the antinociceptive effect of taurine in the(More)
Taurine is a nonessential amino acid that is of medical interest for the nutrition of infants. Taurine has been found in the central nervous system of rodents and humans, and among its potential therapeutic uses, it is interesting to remark its analgesic actions. It is also well known that concentration levels during the fetal and prenatal periods are(More)