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The inferior colliculus (IC) is a major center of integration in the ascending as well as descending auditory pathways, where both excitatory and inhibitory amino acid neurotransmitters play a key role. When normal input to the auditory system is decreased, the balance between excitation and inhibition in the IC is disturbed. We examined global changes in(More)
In mammals, exposure to intense noise produces a permanent hearing loss called permanent threshold shift (PTS), whereas a moderate noise produces only a temporary threshold shift (TTS). Little is known about the molecular responses to such high intensity noise exposures. In this study we used gene arrays to examine the early response to acoustic(More)
The alpha 6 beta 4 integrin is a component of the hemidesmosome, the anchoring structure in the basal membrane of epithelial cells. alpha 6 beta 4 expression is frequently altered in neoplastic cells. It is sometimes lost and sometimes overexpressed, which suggests that disruption of normal function is involved in neoplastic transformation. To examine the(More)
We have isolated a full-length human liver cDNA clone specifying the nuclear-encoded subunit IV of the human mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme, cytochrome c oxidase (COX; EC 1.9.3.1). The human cDNA clone is highly homologous to its bovine counterpart in the coding regions for both the mature polypeptide and the presequence, and the gene is evolving(More)
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) can enhance cell survival in response to stress. Heat shock factor 1 (Hsf1) is the major transcription factor that regulates stress-inducible Hsp expression. We previously demonstrated the presence of Hsf1 in the rodent cochlea and also demonstrated that a heat shock known to precondition the cochlea against noise trauma results(More)
We used differential display of mRNA, a method based on reverse transcriptase-PCR, to identify genes whose expression increases in response to acoustic trauma in the chick basilar papilla. Identifying these genes would provide insight into processes involved in repair of the damaged epithelium or in hair cell regeneration. We compared mRNA from the basilar(More)
The chick WDR1 gene is expressed at higher levels in the chick basilar papilla after acoustic overstimulation. The 3.3-kb WDR1 cDNA encodes a novel 67-kDa protein containing nine WD40 repeats, motifs that mediate protein-protein interactions. The predicted WDR1 protein has high sequence identity to WD40-repeat proteins in budding yeast (Saccharomyces(More)
High-throughput DNA microarray technology allows for the assessment of large numbers of genes and can reveal gene expression in a specific region, differential gene expression between regions, as well as changes in gene expression under changing experimental conditions or with a particular disease. The present study used a gene array to profile normal gene(More)
Kinesin and kinesin-related proteins are microtubule-dependent motor proteins that transport organelles. We have cloned and sequenced a full-length 9924 bp mouse cDNA for a new kinesin of the UNC-104/KIF1 subfamily. Northern blot analysis of mouse RNAs detected high levels of a 10 kb mRNA in brain and eye, but lower levels in other tissues. Human RNA(More)
We have compared the DNA sequences of nine mammalian genes for cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV (COX4 genes)--four expressed genes (human, bovine, rat, and mouse) and five pseudogenes (human, chimpanzee, orangutan, squirrel monkey, and bovine)--and constructed the sequence of the ancestral mammalian COX4 gene. By analyzing these sequences to determine the(More)