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Four clones were isolated from an adult human brain complementary DNA library with an oligonucleotide probe corresponding to the first 20 amino acids of the beta peptide of brain amyloid from Alzheimer's disease. The open reading frame of the sequenced clone coded for 97 amino acids, including the known amino acid sequence of this polypeptide. The(More)
We used overlapping and nested homozygous deletions, contig building, genomic sequencing, and physical and transcript mapping to further define a ϳ630-kb lung cancer homozygous deletion region harboring one or more tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) on chromosome 3p21.3. This location was identified through somatic genetic mapping in tumors, cancer cell lines,(More)
Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) involving several chromosome 3p regions accompanied by chromosome 3p deletions are detected in almost 100% of small (SCLCs) and more than 90% of non-small (NSCLCs) cell lung cancers. In addition, these changes appear early in the pathogenesis of lung cancer and are found as clonal lesions in the smoking damaged respiratory(More)
A number of genes underlie the molecular bases of intelligence. Among these is probably CALL, a novel member of the L1 gene family of neural cell adhesion molecules. By using the single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) protocol, we screened the regions of the CALL gene corresponding to the 5' and 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) of the CALL mRNA,(More)
We searched for chromosome 3p homo- and hemizygous losses in 23 lung cancer cell lines, 53 renal cell and 22 breast carcinoma biopsies using 31 microsatellite markers located in frequently deleted 3p regions. In addition, two sequence-tagged site markers (NLJ-003 and NL3-001) located in the Alu-PCR clone 20 region (AP20) and lung cancer (LUCA) regions,(More)
BACKGROUND We identified two 3p21.3 regions (LUCA and AP20) as most frequently affected in lung, breast and other carcinomas and reported their fine physical and gene maps. It is becoming increasingly clear that each of these two regions contains several TSGs. Until now TSGs which were isolated from AP20 and LUCA regions (e.g.G21/NPRL2, RASSF1A, RASSF1C,(More)
BACKGROUND CHL1 gene (also known as CALL) on 3p26.3 encodes a one-pass trans-membrane cell adhesion molecule (CAM). Previously CAMs of this type, including L1, were shown to be involved in cancer growth and metastasis. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We used Clontech Cancer Profiling Arrays (19 different types of cancers, 395 samples) to analyze expression(More)
The gene for tyrosine-kinase receptor Ron (MST1R) resides in the chromosome 3p21.3 region, frequently affected in common human malignancies. The gene generates two transcripts, 5 and 2 kb-long, full-length Ron (flRon) and short-form Ron (sfRon), respectively. Here, we show for the first time that the variegated Ron expression is associated with variations(More)
BACKGROUND The short arm of human chromosome 3 is involved in the development of many cancers including lung cancer. Three bona fide lung cancer tumor suppressor genes namely RBSP3 (AP20 region),NPRL2 and RASSF1A (LUCA region) were identified in the 3p21.3 region. We have shown previously that homozygous deletions in AP20 and LUCA sub-regions often occurred(More)
BACKGROUND Many different genetic alterations are observed in cancer cells. Individual cancer genes display point mutations such as base changes, insertions and deletions that initiate and promote cancer growth and spread. Somatic hypermutation is a powerful mechanism for generation of different mutations. It was shown previously that somatic(More)