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Although progesterone is the maturation inducer in amphibians, it has been demonstrated that in Bufo arenarum oocytes resumed meiosis with no need of exogenous hormonal stimulus if derived of their enveloping follicle cells. This phenomenon, called spontaneous maturation, is quite rare in amphibians. In B. arenarum, spontaneous maturation took place only in(More)
Calcium is considered the most important second messenger at fertilization. Transient release from intracellular stores is modulated through both agonist-gated channels, IP₃Rs and RyRs, which can be found individually or together depending on the oocyte species. Using the four commonly used compounds (thimerosal, caffeine, heparin and ruthenium red), we(More)
During meiosis resumption, oocytes undergo a series of nuclear and cytosolic changes that prepare them for fertilization and that are referred to as oocyte maturation. These events are characterized by germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), chromatin condensation and spindle formation and, among cytosolic changes, organelle redistribution and maturation of(More)
Amphibian oocytes meiotic arrest is released under the stimulus of progesterone; this hormone interacts with the oocyte surface and starts a cascade of events leading to the activation of a cytoplasmic maturation promoting factor (MPF) that induces germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), chromosome condensation and extrusion of the first polar body. The aim of(More)
Denuded Bufo arenarum oocytes matured in vitro by progesterone treatment exhibited abnormal segmentation due to the penetration of more than one sperm. These oocytes were able to respond to activation stimuli and exhibited the external signs characteristic of activation. However, the prevention of polyspermy was not effective in these oocytes, which(More)
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