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The SOS Chromotest is a quantitative bacterial colorimetric assay for genotoxins. Substantial validation is now available (Quillardet et al., 1985). We describe here in detail the tester strain as well as the effects of the variation of some parameters on the assay. We report a simple spot-test procedure as well as a new standard procedure which incorporate(More)
We present and evaluate the SOS chromotest, a bacterial test for detecting DNA-damaging agents. It is a colorimetric assay based on the induction by these agents of the SOS function sfiA, whose level of expression is monitored by means of a sfiA::lacZ operon fusion. The response is rapid (a few hours), and does not require survival of the tester strain.(More)
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) systems, also called traffic ATPases, are found in eukaryotes and prokaryotes and almost all participate in the transport of a wide variety of molecules. ABC systems are characterized by a highly conserved ATPase module called here the ABC module, involved in coupling transport to ATP hydrolysis. We have used the sequence of one(More)
The SOS chromotest is reviewed through over 100 publications corresponding to the testing of 751 chemicals. 404 (54%) of these chemicals present a genotoxic activity detectable in the SOS chromotest. Their SOS inducing potencies span more than 8 orders of magnitude. For 452 compounds, the results obtained in the SOS chromotest could be compared to those(More)
The cytoplasmic membrane proteins of bacterial binding protein-dependent transporters belong to the superfamily of ABC transporters. The hydrophobic proteins display a conserved, at least 20 amino acid EAA---G---------I-LP region exposed in the cytosol, the EAA region. We mutagenized the EAA regions of MalF and MalG proteins of the Escherichia coli maltose(More)
We report the properties of 67 members of a family of dispersed repetitive palindromic extragenic bacterial DNA sequences. These sequences, called palindromic units, appear to be present at least several hundred times outside structural genes on the Escherichia coli chromosome. They are found either in clusters - as in a previously described intercistronic(More)
Bacteriophage lambda adsorbs to its Escherichia coli K-12 host by interacting with LamB, its cell-surface receptor. We fused C-terminal portions of J, the tail fiber protein of lambda, to maltose-binding protein. Solid-phase binding assays demonstrated that a purified fusion protein comprising only the last 249 residues of J could bind to LamB trimers and(More)
The SOS Chromotest is a simple bacterial colorimetric assay for genotoxicity. It is based on the measure of the induction of sfiA, a gene controlled by the general repressor of the SOS system in E. coli. Expression of sfiA is monitored by means of a gene fusion with lacZ, the structural gene for beta-galactosidase. We have examined 83 compounds of various(More)
We present a survey of short palindromic repetitive elements in enterobacteria. Seven families are presented. Five were already known (RSA, IRU, 29-bp repeats, BIMEs and boxC), and their properties are updated; in particular, a new composite element is shown to include the formerly identified boxC repeats. Two repetitions, YPAL1 and YPAL2, found primarily(More)