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Agitation, aggression, and psychosis are among the most troublesome behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and impair the lives of dementia patients and their caregivers. Atypical antipsychotics have been widely prescribed to improve these BPSD. However, in a number of trials with atypical antipsychotics, a consistent increase in overall(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate a novel specific psychological intervention aimed at improving coping in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS 34 community living SLE patients were recruited for the study. Intervention was undertaken in groups of up to eight patients and in two blocks over six months each. Eight patients were enrolled as a(More)
OBJECTIVES It has been convincingly demonstrated that in dementia, psychoeducative group intervention with caregivers positively impacts on motivation for care and satisfaction of the caregivers. It has, however, been neglected to examine the effect of psychoeducative group intervention on the behavioural and psychological symptoms of the demented patients.(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to examine the longitudinal occurrence and persistence of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS Following 60 patients with mild to severe AD over a period of 2 years with annual evaluations, the prospective occurrence and persistence of BPSD in AD were determined by using the(More)
Many studies have demonstrated an association between the apolipoprotein E (apoE) epsilon 4 allele and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The present study is concerned with the relationship between the apoE epsilon 4 allele and the progression of symptoms in AD. We determined rates of cognitive decline and deterioration in everyday performance prospectively over 3(More)
In a longitudinal study of 90 patients with mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) we investigated the relative severity of impairment in a confrontation naming, a categorical word fluency and a word list recall task. Severity of impairment was assessed in comparison to a healthy age-matched control group. At baseline, confrontation naming(More)
Since the first description of Alzheimer's disease rapid symptom progression and relatively severe cognitive symptoms have been frequently associated with early onset age, while slow symptom progression and relatively mild cognitive symptoms were often related to late onset age. In a longitudinal study of 90 patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's(More)
BACKGROUND The number of individuals at risk for dementia will probably increase in ageing societies as will the array of preventive and therapeutic options, both however within limited economic resources. For economic and medical purposes valid instruments are required to assess disease processes and the efficacy of therapeutic interventions for different(More)
Eighty-eight patients with mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer type were tested in a word list and a spatial pattern recall task. With increasing degree of dementia severity we found a decline in the initial recall scores while learning curves over five consecutive trials remained normal in the mildly demented patients. Furthermore, there was a loss(More)