M Halle

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The objectives of our work are to further our understanding of: (a) the process whereby human listeners decode an acoustic speech signal into a sequence of discrete linguistic symbols such as phonemes; and (b) the process whereby human talkers encode a sequence of discrete linguistic symbols into an acoustic signal. Current research activities related to(More)
1. Research into language acquisition has focussed on phonological development, aspects of vocabulary growth, and syntactic development. Relatively little attention has been given to the psychological processes underlying a child's ability to formulate approximations to words in his parents' speech-an ability that manifests itself roughly between the tenth(More)
In this study we have proposed a model that attempts to explain certain aspects of binaural hearing, such as sound localization and the binaural threshold shift (BTS). The BTS is defined as the change in the masked threshold of signals through binaural listening relative to monaural listening. The theoretical performance of the model is in qualitative(More)
  • R Jakobson, Paula Menyuk, D T A N Langendoen, A R Chomsky, T M Carlson, M Lightner +16 others
  • 2009
This group sees as its central task the development of a general theory of language. The theory will attempt to integrate all that is known about language and to reveal the lawful interrelations among the structural properties of different languages as well as of the separate aspects of a given language, such as its syntax, morphology, and phonology. The(More)
A. PHARYNGEAL CONSONANTS In English all of the consonants are produced with a constriction in the oral cavity between the velum and the lips. When the constriction is located at various places within this cavity, a series of consonants with well-defined acoustic attributes is produced.1 There are some languages for which additional consonant categories are(More)
There have been two main traditions in the study of language in modern times. The first is the tradition of "universal" or "philosophical grammar," which flourished in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in intimate connection with philosophy and speculative psychology. The second is the tradition of modern linguistics, a nineteenth and twentieth(More)
The conventions concerning the applications of the transformations in the transforma-tional component of a generative grammar which are proposed by Chomskyl are as follows: The only recursive symbol in the phrase structure base is S; in processing a deep structure the transformations all apply within the domain of each S bracket of the deep structure, and(More)
1. Introduction When a continuous speech message is switched alternately to the left and right ear of a listener, or is periodically interrupted, its intelligibility passes through a minimum when the bursts of speech reaching the listener last approximately 150 ms. 1, 2 A similar effect occurs with "temporally segmented" speech, 3 which is made by splicing(More)
The object of this report is to give a characterization of essentially context-sensitive languages (i. e. , context-sensitive languages that are not context-free) and, for that matter, a characterization of context-free languages among context-sensitive languages. We begin by introducing a restricted type of linear-bounded automata, linear-bounded automata(More)
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