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Neuroepithelial bodies (NEB) were identified for the first time in the respiratory tract of a reptile by the use of combined morphological and histochemical methods. In the red-eared turtle, Pseudemys scripta elegans, NEB were found within the trabecular epithelium of the respiratory tract, mainly in the branching regions of the trabeculae. An intracellular(More)
The presence and topographical distribution of nitrergic neurons in the enteric nervous system (ENS) of the pig small intestine have been investigated by means of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) immunocytochemistry and nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NADPHd) histochemistry. Both techniques yielded similar results, thus confirming that within the(More)
BACKGROUND Birds have a limited number of resident macrophages in the normal steady-state respiratory tract. The discovery of phagocytes in lavages of lung from birds contrasts with findings that phagocytes are seldom seen in investigations in situ. An electron microscopic study was performed in the respiratory units, the parabronchi, and air capillaries in(More)
Neuroepithelial endocrine (NEE) cells were for the first time identified in the lung of the entirely aquatic urodele, Ambystoma mexicanum, by using light and electron microscopy, histochemistry, and immunocytochemistry. In the basal part of the ciliated epithelium and, less often, in the respiratory portion of the lung, NEE cells were found to occur both(More)
This short review reports the latest insights into the structural organization of the enteric nervous system, with special emphasis on the intrinsic innervation of the intestinal tract of large omnivorous mammals such as the pig. Using various techniques, including lesion experiments, morphological and neurochemical features of distinct neuronal populations(More)
Calcitonin-gene-related-peptide (CGRP)-like immunoreactivity was localized in nerve fibres, neuronal somata and in mucosal endocrine cells of the human small intestine. Immunoreactive enteric neurons were more numerous in the submucous plexuses than in the myenteric plexus. Morphologically, they predominantly had the appearance of type II neurons. The(More)
We have investigated indirectly the presence of nitric oxide in the enteric nervous system of the digestive tract of human fetuses and newborns by nitric oxide synthase (NOS) immunocytochemistry and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NADPHd) histochemistry. In the stomach, NOS immunoactivity was confined to the myenteric plexus and(More)
The morphological and topographical features of the intramural enteric nervous system in the small intestine of the pig has been studied on whole mounts by means of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S-100 protein immunohistochemistry. A clear visualization of the myenteric plexus allows the recognition of its characteristic morphology, including the thin(More)
Avian air capillaries are delicate structures compared to the mammalian pulmonary alveolus. A transmission and scanning electron microscopic study was carried out on several species of birds with the aim of determining the support structures of the avian gas-exchange mantle. Lung tissue of two bird species belonging to strong flying birds (pigeon and barn(More)
BACKGROUND No integrated comprehensive description of the ultrastructure of the parabronchial epithelium is available. The origin, discharge, and occurrence of the trilaminar substance have not yet been sufficiently studied. Therefore, the main objectives were to classify the cell types of the parabronchial epithelium and to describe their role in(More)