M H de Groodt-Lasseel

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The presence and topographical distribution of nitrergic neurons in the enteric nervous system (ENS) of the pig small intestine have been investigated by means of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) immunocytochemistry and nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NADPHd) histochemistry. Both techniques yielded similar results, thus confirming that within the(More)
Calcitonin-gene-related-peptide (CGRP)-like immunoreactivity was localized in nerve fibres, neuronal somata and in mucosal endocrine cells of the human small intestine. Immunoreactive enteric neurons were more numerous in the submucous plexuses than in the myenteric plexus. Morphologically, they predominantly had the appearance of type II neurons. The(More)
We have investigated indirectly the presence of nitric oxide in the enteric nervous system of the digestive tract of human fetuses and newborns by nitric oxide synthase (NOS) immunocytochemistry and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NADPHd) histochemistry. In the stomach, NOS immunoactivity was confined to the myenteric plexus and(More)
This short review reports the latest insights into the structural organization of the enteric nervous system, with special emphasis on the intrinsic innervation of the intestinal tract of large omnivorous mammals such as the pig. Using various techniques, including lesion experiments, morphological and neurochemical features of distinct neuronal populations(More)
In addition to differences between the two submucosal ganglionic neural networks, i.e., the plexus submucosus externus (Schabadasch) and the plexus submucosus internus (Meissner), with respect to the occurrence and distribution of serotonin as neurotransmitter, immunocytochemistry also revealed a distinct distribution for various neuropeptides in these two(More)
The morphological and topographical features of the intramural enteric nervous system in the small intestine of the pig has been studied on whole mounts by means of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S-100 protein immunohistochemistry. A clear visualization of the myenteric plexus allows the recognition of its characteristic morphology, including the thin(More)
The distribution of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), an enzyme involved in the synthesis of the presumed non-adrenergic noncholinergic inhibitory neurotransmitter nitric oxide (NO), was demonstrated in the enteric nervous system of the porcine caecum, colon and rectum. Techniques used were NOS-immunocytochemistry and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate(More)
The intramural projections of nerve cells containing serotonin (5-HT), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and nitric oxide synthase or reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NOS/NADPHd) were studied in the ascending colon of 5- to 6-week-old pigs by means of immunocytochemistry and(More)
The morphological classification of the different neuronal cell types is generally accepted and expanded by us; nevertheless, immunohistochemically and electrophysiologically the existence of clear-cut categories of enteric neurons is frequently questioned. The immunohistochemical results demonstrated in this study, however, provide the first direct link(More)
The occurrence and distribution of the vitamin-D-induced calcium-binding protein, calbindin-D28K, has been studied in the brain of a cartilaginous fish using immunohistochemical techniques. A strong immunoreactivity was found in the perikarya, dendrites and axons of neurons located in the nucleus interstitialis commissurae anterioris, the nucleus medialis(More)