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The metabolic properties of cancer cells diverge significantly from those of normal cells. Energy production in cancer cells is abnormally dependent on aerobic glycolysis. In addition to the dependency on glycolysis, cancer cells have other atypical metabolic characteristics such as increased fatty acid synthesis and increased rates of glutamine metabolism.(More)
Angiogenesis is a key step in tumor growth and metastasis. The mechanism by which osteopontin (OPN) induces the angiogenesis of endothelial cells remains unclear. Here, we show that OPN confers cytoprotection through the activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway with subsequent upregulation of Bcl-xL and activation of nuclear factor-κB. OPN enhances the expression(More)
ErbB2 has been shown to activate signaling molecules that may regulate glucose metabolism. However, there is no evidence reported to directly link ErbB2 to glycolysis, and the mechanism underlying ErbB2-enhanced glycolysis is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the role and mechanism of ErbB2 in regulating glycolysis. We found that(More)
OBJECTIVE Parathyroid carcinoma remains difficult to diagnose. Recently, it has been shown that mutations in the HRPT2 gene (encoding parafibromin) are associated with the development of parathyroid carcinoma. Although MEN1 is not typically thought to be involved in carcinoma formation, parathyroid carcinoma may be an extremely rare feature of the multiple(More)
Overexpression of the receptor tyrosine kinase p185ErbB2 confers Taxol resistance in breast cancers. Here, we investigated the underlying mechanisms and found that overexpression of p185ErbB2 inhibits Taxol-induced apoptosis. Taxol activates p34Cdc2 kinase in MDA-MB-435 breast cancer cells, leading to cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and, subsequently,(More)
Although adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV) has gained attention as a potentially useful vector for human gene therapy, the transduction efficiencies of AAV vectors vary greatly in different cells and tissues in vitro and in vivo. We have documented that a cellular tyrosine phosphoprotein, designated the single-stranded D-sequence-binding protein (ssD-BP),(More)
Glutathione peroxidase (GPX) is a primary antioxidant enzyme that scavenges hydrogen peroxide or organic hydroperoxides. We have recently found that GPX is induced by etoposide, a topoisomerase II inhibitor and a p53 activator. In a search for a cis-element that confers potential p53 regulation of GPX, we identified a p53 binding site in the promoter of the(More)
Identification and characterization of p53 target genes would lead to a better understanding of p53 functions and p53-mediated signaling pathways. Two putative p53 binding sites were identified in the promoter of a gene encoding PTGF-beta, a type beta transforming growth factor (TGF-beta) superfamily member. Gel shift assay showed that p53 bound to both(More)
It has been reported that breast tumors that overexpress c-erbB-2/neu are less responsive to certain adjuvant chemotherapy regimens than those that express a normal amount of the gene product. To investigate whether overexpression of the c-erbB-2/neu-encoded p185 can indeed lead to increased chemoresistance in breast cancers, we introduced the human(More)
BACKGROUND The association between human papillomavirus (HPV) and overall survival (OS) in oropharynx cancer (OPC) was retrospectively examined in TAX 324, a phase III trial of sequential therapy for locally advanced head and neck cancer. METHODS Accrual for TAX 324 was completed in 2003 and data updated through 2008. Pretherapy tumor biopsies were(More)