M. H. Mogard

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In the rat, a recirculating intestinal perfusion model has been used for a combined study of absorption and transmucosal water-ionic shifts related to intraluminal hyperosmolality. Passive absorption of iodide and active absorption of selenomethionine were not inhibited by intraluminal hyperosmolality. The jejunum was demonstrated to have a greater capacity(More)
This report describes a family with a visceral neuropathy without extraintestinal manifestations transmitted over at least four generations in an autosomal dominant manner. Four of 7 living patients underwent extensive evaluation including histology, radiography, gastric emptying and secretory studies, esophageal and jejunal manometry, and measurements of(More)
A novel nonapeptide with neurotensin-like immunoreactivity was isolated from pepsin-treated human plasma by dialysis, ion-exchange chromatography and high performance reversed-phase liquid chromatography. The amino acid sequence was determined by automated gas-phase sequence analysis as Ile-Ala-Arg-Arg-His-Pro-Tyr-Phe-Leu. Sequence homology with human serum(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate neurotensin as a hormonal regulator of gastric acid secretion in man. After a fat-rich meal, the strongest known stimulus of neurotensin release, plasma neurotensin-like immunoreactivity (NTLI) was elevated from 7.6 +/- 1.9 to 15.5 +/- 2.5 pM. Plasma NTLI was measured with antiserum L170, which requires the(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate somatostatin as a hormonal inhibitor of gastric functions in humans. Seven healthy volunteers were investigated on 6 separate days. Peptone meal-stimulated gastric acid secretion was measured by intragastric titration for 2 h and gastric emptying was estimated with a dye-dilution technique. The effect of(More)
Antral gastrin and somatostatin mRNA concentrations were measured in rats during gastric neutralization produced either by resection of the acid-secreting portion of the stomach (fundectomy) or by omeprazole treatment. Fundectomy caused increases in gastrin mRNA concentrations to 570% of sham control after 4 days and to 650% after 28 days. Daily(More)
The present study demonstrates precursors of neurotensin-like immunoreactivity (NTLI) endogenous to human gastric tissue and plasma, and the existence of a gastric NTLI-generating enzyme system. The molecular size of the NTLI-precursors in plasma and gastric tissue were estimated by gel permeation chromatography to be ca 50,000-60,000 and 60,000-70,000 Da,(More)
The role of prostaglandins as mediators of the inhibitory effect of somatostatin on gastric acid secretion has been evaluated in conscious and anesthetized rats. The effect of somatostatin on bethanechol-stimulated gastric acid secretion was determined with or without indomethacin pretreatment. Prostaglandin synthesis inhibition (less than 90%) by(More)
The impact of overnight intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) infusion on upper gastrointestinal tract physiology was assessed in 10 healthy volunteers. No changes in lower esophageal sphincter pressure (before infusion: 28 +/- 4 mm Hg; after infusion 20.5 +/- 3; p:NS), plasma concentrations of gastrointestinal hormones (gastrin: preprandial before/after lipids:(More)