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Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle reflex occurs when a weak auditory stimulus is presented 30-500 ms before the startling stimulus. Previous studies have shown that PPI is modulated by GABAergic projections from the ventral striatum to the ventral pallidum (VP). To evaluate the anatomical and pharmacological substrates of pallidal modulation(More)
The acoustic startle reflex is inhibited by the presentation of a weak auditory prestimulus 30-500 ma prior to the starting stimulus. Previous studies have demonstrated that prepulse inhibition (PPI) of acoustic startle is regulated by GABAergic activity in the ventral pallidum. Ventral pallidal efferents include major projections to the pedunculopontine(More)
The startle reflex is inhibited when the startling stimulus is preceded 30-500 ms by a weak noise or 'prepulse'. While the primary startle circuit is organized at or below the pons, the amount of 'prepulse inhibition' (PPI) is modulated by forebrain activity and is reduced in certain neuropsychiatric disorders. The reduction of PPI in these disorders is(More)
It has been shown that the acoustic startle reflex is inhibited by weak auditory prepulses presented 30-500 ms prior to the startling stimulus and that this prepulse inhibition (PPI) is modulated by ventral striato-pallidal circuitry. However, dorsal striatal modulation of PPI has not been examined. Cell-specific lesions and intracerebral drug infusions(More)
A variety of neurochemical and anatomical studies have shown that the ventral striatal nucleus accumbens (NAcc) can be divided into a predominantly medial 'shell' and a predominantly lateral 'core'. These accumbens subdivisions are innervated by different cortical regions and project to different anatomical targets. Additionally, recent behavioral(More)
Systemic administration of the mitochondrial toxin 3-nitropropionic acid (3NP) to rats produces striatal lesions that mimic some aspects of pathology in Huntington's disease (HD). To evaluate whether 3NP-induced lesions cause sensorimotor gating deficits observed in HD, we measured prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle reflex after systemic(More)
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