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Among domestic injuries in children, skin burns deserve special attention because they can lead to severe residual lesions. Their frequency has been reported to range from 3 to 8 per cent of all childhood injuries, but few epidemiological data have been collected in France. This study was undertaken to improve our knowledge of this public-health problem. A(More)
BACKGROUND We performed a prospective descriptive study over a 5-month period to determine the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) during the first 24 h following elective ambulatory paediatric surgery, excluding head and neck procedures. METHODS Four hundred and seven patients, aged 15 days to 16 years, were analysed prospectively. (More)
INTRODUCTION The fetal opiate exposure presents many risks for the newborn. One of the most important is the neonatal abstinence syndrome that associates neurological and digestive signs. In some cases the vital prognosis can be involved. The evaluation of the syndrome's severity is based on certificated scales. The mortality has been reduced by the(More)
UNLABELLED Perinatal mortality in French Guyana is twice as high as the national rates. Within a global project rallying all the people working around the birth, a catching up program benefited the neonatal unit of the Cayenne hospital in order to make up for the important lack of modern structures and means. OBJECTIVES To establish some quality care for(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the regional programme designed to train personnel for resuscitation of the neonate in the delivery room and organized in the district of Centre, France in 1990. STUDY Transversal study. SITE: The different maternities of the district. POPULATION 31 maternities, 156 persons in charge of neonates in the delivery room including(More)
BACKGROUND In neonatal units, there is a tendency to assume that any acutely sick infant with gastro-intestinal symptoms has necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). This prospective study was conducted to find a better definition of enteropathy in preterm neonates and their risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS All the 351 preterm neonates admitted to a neonatal(More)
It is not yet known how important bacterial colonisation of the newborn is but in most maternity units this, when it occurs, is treated by parenteral antibiotic therapy. We have, in a prospective study, given antibiotics orally (amoxycillin or clavulanic acid-amoxycillin) in neonates who were colonised by bacteria, and have studied their clinical progress(More)
Since 1982, a pediatric intensive care unit for neonates and pediatric patients up to 15 years of age has prospectively recorded every instance of use of antimicrobials, with the reasons for use, clinical and bacteriological parameters, and outcome. This approach encourages strict adherence to established protocols and provides a basis for discussing the(More)
Based upon a three necessities basis: public health, biological and medico-legal, this article presents the state of the art about teaching neonatal resuscitation in the delivery room. The educational process is present worldwide; main experiences are described. Evaluation of these actions varies in the literature. We analyze the evaluation of the process(More)