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The classical methods of chromatographic identification of compounds were based on calculation of retention indices by using different stationary phases. The aim of the work was to differentiate essential oils extracted from different plant species by identification of some of their major compounds. The method of identification was based on the calculation(More)
This study aimed at evaluating the anti-inflammatory properties of a pomegranate fruit husk (PomH) polyphenolic extract, rich in punicalagin, using Caco-2 cells, an in vitro model of human intestinal epithelium. Differentiated cells in bicameral inserts were pretreated or not with a PomH extract or punicalagin, as reference, at the apical side, representing(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The aim of the study was to evaluate the in vitro antitrypanosomal and antileishmanial activity of crude extracts of 10 plant species traditionally used in Benin to treat parasitic infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS For each species, dichloromethane, methanol and aqueous extracts were tested. Their antitrypanosomal and(More)
The composition of the essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation of the leaves of Strychnos spinosa (Loganiaceae) was analysed by GC-FID and GC-MS. Out of twenty-two compounds identified in the oil, the main constituents were palmitic acid (34.3%), linalool (16.0%), and (E)-phytol (6.7%). Since the leaves of this plant are used in African traditional(More)
The sim fruit (Rhodomyrtus tomentosa) has long been used in folk medicine to treat diarrhoea, dysentery, and to boost the immune system. The purpose of this work was to determine its phenolic profile and to evaluate the changes of content during maturation, as well as the variations induced by environmental conditions. Using HPLC-ESI-HR-MS, 19 phenolic(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The West African tree Keetia leucantha (Rubiaceae) is used in traditional medicine in Benin to treat malaria. The twigs dichloromethane extract was previously shown to inhibit in vitro Plasmodium falciparum growth with no cytotoxicity (>100µg/ml on human normal fibroblasts). MATERIALS AND METHODS The dichloromethane and(More)
RATIONALE A considerable fraction of atmospheric particulate fine matter consists of organosulfates, with some of the most polar ones originating from the oxidation of isoprene. Their structural characterization provides insights into the nature of gas-phase precursors as well as into formation pathways. METHODS The structures of unknown polar(More)
A practical route is described for the preparation of 1-phosphono-3(4-di)-substituted-1,3-butadienes based on the HornereWadswortheEmmons (HWE) reaction. Their reactivity in the DielseAlder (DA) reaction with three selected dienophiles is studied and compared to diethyl 1-phosphono-1,3-butadiene. A particular attention is given to the P-deprotection of(More)
The microbiological contamination of raw plant materials is common and may be adequately reduced by radiation processing. This study evaluated the effects of gamma- and e-beam ionizing radiations (25 kGy) on three plants used as food or as medicinal products (Thymus vulgaris L., Eucalyptus radiata D.C., and Lavandula angustifolia Mill.) as well as their(More)
Considering the need for new anti-malarial drugs, further investigations on Keetia leucantha (Rubiaceae), an in vitro antiplasmodial plant traditionally used to treat malaria, were carried out. This paper aimed to assess the in vivo anti-malarial efficacy of K. leucantha triterpenic esters previously identified as the most in vitro active components against(More)