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Neonatal rat Schwann cells isolated in culture proliferate slowly and do not form a basement membrane although they express laminin continuously. We demonstrate here that isolated Schwann cells express other basement membrane components, including entactin and heparan sulfate proteoglycan. Treatment with ascorbate, and to a lesser extent with cyclic(More)
The expression of peripherin, an intermediate filament protein, had been shown by biochemical methods to be localized in the neurons of the PNS. Using immunohistochemical methods, we analyzed this expression more extensively during the development of the rat and compared it with that of the low-molecular-mass neurofilament protein (NF-L), which is expressed(More)
Solid fragments of olfactory bulb from new-born normal (B6CBA and C57BL6) mice were implanted into new-born shiverer (shi/shi) brains. The shiverer mouse being characterized by the absence of myelin basic protein (MBP), myelination due to implanted oligodendrocytes can be detected in the shiverer brain using an antiserum anti-MBP. Observation of sagittal(More)
Purified rat Schwann cells labeled with Hoechst 33342 were transplanted into a lysophosphatidyl choline induced myelin lesion of the adult shiverer mouse spinal cord. Remyelination by grafted Schwann cells within the lesion was evidenced by codetection of Hoechst labeled Schwann cells and P0 (peripheral myelin protein) immunolabeled myelin on serial(More)
The jimpy (jp) mutation of the mouse leads to a dramatic decrease of myelination in the hemizygous mutant central nervous system (CNS). Several descriptions based on classical histology, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy (EM) have demonstrated the scarcity of myelin formation in the different parts of the CNS. The immunohistochemical study(More)
In multiple sclerosis and experimental demyelination, oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells are able to repair myelin lesions of the central nervous system. However, spontaneous myelin repair is often insufficient. Several approaches to enhance remyelination have been considered and transplantation of myelin-forming cells has been proposed as one of them. In(More)
Fragments of new-born mouse central nervous system have been transplanted into new-born mice host brains, under conditions in which the myelin synthesized by the oligodendrocytes included in the graft, could be distinguished from the host myelin. The work demonstrates that transplanted oligodendrocytes survive in the host brain, migrate out of the graft and(More)
The dye Hoechst 33342 was combined with an immunodetectable transgene product (chloramphenicol acetyltransferase, CAT) expressed in differentiated oligodendrocytes to trace their fate after transplantation in the normal and the shiverer mouse brain. In the shiverer brain, the technique allowed us to visualize grafted cells inside myelin basic(More)
The shiverer model allows for the immunocytochemical staining of the patches of myelin formed by transplanted oligodendrocytes from a normal newborn mouse. Fragments of the olfactory bulb were transplanted into various parts of the brain to place the myelinating cells in different anatomical conditions. Whole brains were horizontally sectioned in order to(More)
A demyelinating lesion induced by an injection of lysolecithin into the spinal cord can be partly repaired by oligodendrocyte precursors transplanted at a distance of 6-8 mm from the lesion. Using a non-toxic fluorescent dye (Hoechst 33342) as a cell marker, we demonstrate that transplanted oligodendrocyte precursors from different origins (periventricular(More)