M Grant Maxie

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During 1993, 66 small animal practices participated in a prospective study to evaluate the incidence and details of anesthetic-related morbidity and mortality. Considering a total of 8,087 dogs and 8,702 cats undergoing anesthesia, the incidences of complications were 2.1% and 1.3%, respectively. Death occurred in 0.11% and 0.1% of cases, respectively.(More)
From January 1998 to July 2000, 2,456 clinical samples, including lung, tonsil, lymph node, and serum, from 760 cases submitted to the Animal Health Laboratory, Ontario, Canada, were tested for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome viruses (PRRSV) using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and RT-PCR product restriction fragment(More)
Twenty five cattle were infected with T. vivax, 25 with T. congolense, and 25 served as controls. Pathogenic clinical signs of trypanosomal infection were not observed. Secondary bacterial infections were common. Fever, increased heart and respiratory rates, anorexia, and emaciation developed. Elevations in parasitemai and body temperature were positively(More)
A multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method using primer sets of G1/G2 and B64-I/B64-II was validated to detect pathogenic leptospira serovars from canine urine samples. The PCR method was found to be specific and sensitive with a detection limit of 100 cells of Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae per milliliter of urine. The primer set previously(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate whether sequential exposure to aerosols of parainfluenza-3 virus followed by Pasteurella haemolytica, or P. haemolytica followed by parainfluenza-3 virus, could lead to the production of pulmonary lesions in conventionally-raised calves. Twenty male calves with low serum antibody titres to both organisms were(More)
In 2000, troponin assays were adopted as the test of choice for detection of myocardial injury in man. This decision was made after extensive testing and followed a 60 year search for a biomarker of myocardial damage with sufficient analytical sensitivity and specificity. This has led to proliferation of assays for use in human medicine, each requiring(More)
Samoyed hereditary glomerulopathy (SHG) in dogs resembles hereditary nephritis (HN) in man. Affected males and carrier females spontaneously develop proteinuria, but only males progress to renal failure. We examined the evolution of splitting of glomerular capillary basement membranes (GCBM) in affected male and carrier female dogs. At birth, examination by(More)
The pedigree of a line of Samoyed dogs with Samoyed hereditary glomerulopathy (SHG) was investigated to determine the mode of inheritance. Sixty percent of males were affected with severe renal disease that progressed to renal failure before 15 months of age. In contrast, female carriers showed less severe involvement and their disease did not progress to(More)
Three, 5, or 7 days after inoculation with bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) virus (n = 12) or Mycoplasma bovis (n = 12), groups of calves were exposed to aerosols of Pasteurella haemolytica and were euthanatized 4 hours later. Histologic lesions in the lungs and the ratios of neutrophils to alveolar macrophages, collected by bronchoalveolar lavage, were compared(More)
Four control calves were aerosolized with parainfluenza-3 and one week later with Pasteurella haemolytica. Three calves were given Corynebacterium parvum at a dose of 15 mg/m2 body surface area, infected with parainfluenza-3 virus one week later, and aerosolized with P. haemolytica two weeks after C. parvum injection. All calves were killed four hours after(More)