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Selective modulation of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) is thought to regulate processes impaired in schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease, and other dementias. One approach to target alpha7 nAChRs is by positive allosteric modulation. Structurally diverse compounds, including PNU-120596,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Several agonists of the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) have been developed for treatment of cognitive deficits. However, agonist efficacy in vivo is difficult to reconcile with rapid alpha7 nAChR desensitization in vitro; and furthermore, the correlation between in vitro receptor efficacy and in vivo behavioural(More)
The focus of the present study is the molecular and functional characterization of four splice variants of the human Nav1.3 alpha subunit. These subtypes arise due to the use of alternative splice donor sites of exon 12, which encodes a region of the alpha subunit that resides in the intracellular loop between domains I and II. This region contains several(More)
The cloning and expression of genes encoding for the human neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) has opened new possibilities for investigating their physiological and pharmacological properties. Cells (HEK 293) stably transfected with two of the major brain subunits, alpha4 and beta2, were characterized electrophysiologically using the(More)
The present study investigated the effects of iberiotoxin (IbTx), a peptide toxin blocker of large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK(Ca)) channels and NS1619, a BK(Ca) channel opener, on action potential firing of small and medium size afferent neurons from L6 and S1 dorsal root ganglia of adult rats. Application of IbTx (100 nM) reduced whole-cell(More)
ABT-594 and A-582941 are high affinity neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists with differential selectivity for the alpha4beta2 and the alpha7 subtypes, respectively. This study was designed to determine whether either compound, like nicotine also possesses cognitive-enhancing ability. The compounds were administered by intramuscular injection(More)
KCNQ2/3 voltage-gated potassium channels conduct low-threshold, slowly activating and non-inactivating currents to repolarize the neuronal resting membrane potential. The channels negatively regulate neuronal excitability and KCNQ2/3 openers are efficacious in hyperexcited states such as epilepsy and pain. We developed and utilized thallium influx assays to(More)
Targeting alpha7 neuronal acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) with selective agonists and positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) is considered a therapeutic approach for managing cognitive deficits in schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we describe a novel type II alpha7 PAM,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE alpha7-Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (alpha7 nAChRs) play an important role in cognitive function. Positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) amplify effects of alpha7 nAChR agonist and could provide an approach for treatment of cognitive deficits in neuropsychiatric diseases. PAMs can either predominantly affect the apparent peak(More)
Numerous pharmaceutical efforts have targeted neuronal nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) for amelioration of cognitive deficits. While alpha4beta2 and alpha7 are the more prominent nAChR in brain, other heteromeric nAChR can have important impact on agonist pharmacology. ABT-089 is a pioneer nAChR agonist found to enhance cognitive function with an exceptionally(More)