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Using immunocytochemistry and ELISA, we investigated the production of interleukin (IL)-1beta in the rat hippocampus after focal application of kainic acid inducing electroencephalographic (EEG) seizures and CA3 neuronal cell loss. Next, we studied whether EEG seizures per se induced IL-1beta and microglia changes in the hippocampus using bicuculline as a(More)
IL-1beta and its endogenous receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) are rapidly induced by seizures in the rodent hippocampus. Exogenously applied IL-1beta prolongs seizures in an IL-1R type I-mediated manner. This effect depends on N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor activation. We report here that intrahippocampal application of recombinant IL-1Ra or its selective(More)
Limbic status epilepticus was induced in rats by unilateral 60-min electrical stimulation of the CA3 region of the ventral hippocampus. As assessed by RT-PCR followed by Southern blot analysis, transcripts of interleukin-1beta, interleukin-6, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist and inducible nitric oxide synthase were significantly increased 2 h after status(More)
To investigate the role of IL-6 in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) its effect on amyloid precursor protein (APP) mRNA expression was evaluated. The levels of APP mRNA were determined by Northern blot analysis in primary cultured rat cortical neurons and glial cells exposed to IL-6 (50-200 ng/ml). The cytokine increased neuronal APP mRNA(More)
Simultaneous recordings of sleep-wake activity and of serotonergic metabolism in the medial preoptic area were performed in freely moving rats after the intracerebroventricular injection of interleukin-1 (IL-1) at dark onset. IL-1 (2.5 ng) induced a biphasic increase in slow-wave sleep and an early increase in serotonergic metabolism starting 30 min(More)
The involvement of vagal afferents in the communication pathway from the immune system to the brain was studied. Glutamate was measured in the nucleus tractus solitarius, the brain area receiving glutamatergic vagal afferents, after peripheral injection of lipopolysaccharide or interleukin-1 beta. Intraperitoneal or intravenous saline or intraperitoneal(More)
The activity of the serotonergic system varies in phase with the sleep-wake cycle, which is associated with changes in several physiological functions, including electroencephalographic activity, brain temperature, and locomotion. The aim of the present study was to clarify which of these parameters correlates better with serotonergic activity in(More)
Changes in 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) efflux have been studied for the first time using differential pulse amperometry (DPA). In vitro observations show that the oxidation potential of 5-HT at 37 degrees C is 160 mV. The amperometric signal corresponding to 5-HT was measured in the lateral hypothalamus after brief electrical stimulation of the dorsal raphe(More)
Changes in endogenous somatostatin after quinolinic and kainic acids were investigated by measuring somatostatin-like peaks by in vivo voltammetry and by assessing the distribution of somatostatin-positive neurons by immunocytochemistry. Kainic acid (0.19 nmol/0.5 microliter) or quinolinic acid (120 nmol/0.5 microliter) in doses inducing comparable(More)
Whether peripheral inflammatory molecules can be considered markers of dementia is still an open issue. We have investigated the presence of circulating cytokines and the ability of blood cells to release them in response to an inflammatory stimulus in patients with different types of dementia and in age-matched controls. A significant increase in(More)