M. G. Wagner

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Rates of caesarean section are of concern in both developed and developing countries. We set out to estimate the proportion of births by caesarean section (CS) at national, regional and global levels, describe regional and subregional patterns and correlate rates with other reproductive health indicators. We analysed nationally representative data available(More)
The question of whether abortion should be legal is currently being decided in many countries. Although much of the discussion has focused on ethical issues, the public health consequences should not be overlooked and should be addressed realistically and responsibly. Nowhere are the public health manifestations of restricted abortion more apparent than in(More)
Following the entry of St Petersburg into Europe's Healthy Cities Project in 1991 it was decided that the highest priority should be given to reducing the city's maternal mortality ratio, then standing at approximately 70 deaths per 100,000 live births. Preventing deaths from unsafe, illegal abortion became the main focus of attention. The use of modern(More)
We discuss the prevalence and aetiology of infertility and the relevance of this information for national infertility services and prevention programmes. The prevalence of infertility in industrialized countries has been said to be as high as 10–20%. This estimate, and the argument that little can be done to prevent infertility, have been used as(More)
The efficacy, safety, costs, and benefits of in-vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer (IVF/ET) have been reviewed. IVF/ET benefits only a small proportion of infertile women, it is expensive, and has serious health risks. Therefore policies for the management of infertility in which most financial and manpower resources are applied to prevention of(More)
Recent Soviet reforms in health care policy and financing are expected to have a significant impact on perinatal services. Efforts are under way to upgrade the care of pregnant and birthing women. This paper describes some aspects of the current system of perinatal care and prospects for future change.