M. G. Svaland

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The pharmacokinetic properties of the x-ray contrast medium, iodixanol, a new nonionic dimer, were investigated in a phase I study including 40 healthy male volunteers. Iodixanol (300 mg I/mL) was administered intravenously (i.v.) at four dose levels--0.3, 0.6, 0.9, and 1.2 g iodine (I)/kg body weight--and saline was given as a control. 51Cr-EDTA was given(More)
Seventy-nine patients with known or suspected central nervous system lesions were studied with MRI in a phase III double-blind study. Forty were given gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA) and 39 gadodiamide injection (Gd-DTPA BMA), a new low-osmolar nonionic contrast enhancing medium. The dosage was 0.1 mmol/kg body weight, corresponding to 0.2 ml/kg.(More)
The interference of the non-ionic magnetic resonance contrast medium gadodiamide injection (OMNISCAN, Nycomed Imaging, Oslo, Norway) in the colorimetric determination of serum calcium has been investigated in commercial reconstituted serum, and in serum from rabbits and humans dosed with the contrast medium. Inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission(More)
Gadodiamide injection was administered intravenously to 49 patients with known or suspected CNS lesions undergoing MR imaging. Two parallel groups were used to evaluate the efficacy and safety of single doses of 0.1 (25 patients) and 0.3 (24 patients) mmol/kg b.w. The principal measures of efficacy were diagnostic yield of MR and the overall contrast(More)
PURPOSE To compare the frequency of allergy-like reactions in adults following vascular injection of iohexol and iopentol versus other contrast media (CMs), with emphasis on late reactions. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty-two trials involving a total of 2,656 patients in the European clinical development programmes for iohexol and iopentol were(More)
This study compared the safety and tolerability of gadodiamide injection at the standard dose (0.1 mmol/kg) and at a higher dose (0.3 mmol/kg) in 289 patients participating in a parallel group multiple independent trial program. All patients had a known or suspected central nervous system lesion necessitating investigation with contrast medium-enhanced(More)
The dialyzability of iohexol was examined in patients with chronic renal failure on long-term hemodialysis treatment. Eight patients had iohexol (Omnipaque 240 or 350 mg I/ml) injected in doses between 98 and 1,493 mg I/kg body weight (BW) 25 h (mean time) before start of hemodialysis. Dialysance of iohexol was 81 +/- 15 ml/min (mean +/- SD) compared to 120(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the radiographic efficacy and safety of iodixanol (Visipaque; 270 and 320 mg I/ml) and iohexol (Omnipaque; 300 mg I/ml) in myelography. The study was randomized, double-blind and comparative including 398 patients from five European university clinics. The radiographic visualisation was evaluated as(More)
Iopentol (mean dose 0.42 g I kg-1) was administered for abdominal aortography and pelvic angiography in 10 patients with advanced non-diabetic chronic renal failure (S-creatinine 672 +/- 259 mumol l-1, mean +/- SD). Renal glomerular function measured as creatinine clearance and plasma clearance of [99Tcm]-diethyl-enetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) was(More)
Gadodiamide injection is a new nonionic paramagnetic, extracellular contrast medium. Its safety at a dose of 0.1 mmol/kg body weight was evaluated in a large European multicentre trial on adults referred for contrast-enhanced MRI of the central nervous system. Safety analysis was performed on 2102 patients, in whom adverse events during and up to 24 h after(More)