Recent studies suggest ultraviolet radiation (UVR)/vitamin D is protective against the development of multiple sclerosis (MS). We determined if outcome in MS is associated with the surrogate for host pigmentation, skin type, and parameters of UVR exposure. We used a validated questionnaire to determine skin type and UVR exposure during childhood (0-16… (More)
INTRODUCTION We hypothesised that gene expression in histologically normal (HN) epithelium (NlEpi) would differ between breast cancer patients and usual-risk controls undergoing reduction mammoplasty (RM), and that gene expression in NlEpi from cancer-free prophylactic mastectomy (PM) samples from high-risk women would resemble HN gene expression. METHODS… (More)
The survival and clonogenic growth (measured in terms of colony forming efficiency (CFE) of intravenously injected (i.v.) Walker (W256) tumour cells in the lungs of rats was greatly enhanced by states of topical and systemic stress induced by the intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of rats with a single dose of 10(-5)-10(-3) mmol g-1 body weight of adrenaline… (More)
An apparatus which has been widely used in rats for measuring swelling of the foot induced locally by inflammatory agents has been adapted to measure rapidly, accurately and objectively, the growth of tumour cells transplanted to the foot, and the reactions of the normal tissues (tumour bed) to tumour growth. General features on the apparatus and the… (More)
Cognitive impairment occurs in 45-65% of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The cannabinoid system may potentially be neuroprotective in MS. We examined the relationship between polymorphisms of the CNR1 gene and neuropsychological outcome in MS using a test and confirmatory sample of patients. One hundred and ninety-four MS patients were assessed over five… (More)
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The use of (OC) oral contraceptives after molar evacuation has been reported to increase the incidence of proliferative trophoblastic sequelae. At Charing Cross Hospital, London, locally invasive or metatastic trophoblastic disease developed in 16 of 65 patients (25%) who used OCs after molar evacuation. In contrast, only 43 of 464 patients (9.3%) not… (More)