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The effects of continuous feeding of graded levels (.5, 1.0, 2.0 ppm) of ochratoxin A (OA) for eight weeks to male and female broiler chickens were investigated. A depression in body weight gain was observed in all groups receiving OA. The depression was proportional to the level of exposure to OA and was more marked and prolonged in males than in females.(More)
Ochratoxin A was given by gavage to male rats. Moribund and dead animals were necropsied, and the surviving rats, including the controls, were killed 48 hours after dosing. Many of the principal rats were moribund, or began dying, within 12 to 24 hours after dosing. Lesions suggestive of disseminated intravascular coagulation were seen by light microscopy(More)
As ochratoxin-producing fungi are often isolated from poultry feeds and from cereals used in compounding these feeds, a study has been made of the effects of feeding ochratoxin A (OA) to laying birds. Four groups of White Leghorn hens were fed 0, .5, 1, and 4 ppm in the feed respectively. Egg production and feed consumption declined in the three groups(More)
Fischer-344 rats were exposed for 4 hr to various concentrations of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas and killed either immediately or at 1, 24, or 48 hr after exposure. Mitochondrial fractions from lung tissues were assayed for the activities of respiratory chain enzymes. Exposure of rats to a low concentration (10 ppm) of H2S caused no significant changes in the(More)
This study was designed to test whether intraperitoneally injected sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) would mimic the pulmonary alterations induced by lethal peracute exposure to an atmosphere containing hydrogen sulfide. Groups of five Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to an atmosphere of either 2317.6 +/- 547.3 mg m-3 H2S (H2S group) or no H2S (air group), or were(More)
Fischer-344 rats were killed by exsanguination 1, 20, and 44 hr after a single 4-hr exposure to an atmosphere of 0, 10, 200, and 400 ppm of hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Alterations in the activities of lactate dehydrogenase and alkaline phosphatase, and cytomorphology of epithelial cells in fluids obtained by nasal and bronchoalveolar lavage were used as(More)
The acute intraperitoneal toxicity of ochratoxin A (OA) for adult female Swiss mice is presented. The seven-day LD(50) was calculated to be 48 +/- 3.2 mg/kg. Daily intraperitoneal administrations of 10 mg OA/kg resulted in 50% mortality by the tenth day of injection. Clinical symptoms included depression, huddling, roughened hair coats, humped backs and(More)
One of the major target organs of hydrogen sulphide gas is the lung. Exfoliation of upper respiratory epithelia and pulmonary edema are prominent effects. Various neuropeptides contained in afferent C-fibres are intimately associated with the epithelia of the conducting airways and are liberated upon exposure to noxious gases. We sought to determine their(More)
Fischer-344 rats were exposed for 4 hours to 0, 14, 280, or 560 mg of hydrogen sulfide.m-3 and killed 1, 18, or 44 hours later. We evaluated the nasal epithelial cells and determined the anatomic distribution of lesions. Inhalation of 560 mg of hydrogen sulfide.m-3 induced necrosis and exfoliation of respiratory and olfactory mucosal cells, but not squamous(More)
Traditional regression analysis of body weight growth curves encounters problems when the data are extremely variable. While transformations are often employed to meet the criteria of the analysis, some transformations are inadequate for normalizing the data. Regression analysis also requires presuppositions regarding the model to be fit and the techniques(More)