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The Cellular Automaton Programming Environment (Cape) was developed as a programming paradigm speciic tool for simulation of physical systems by cellular automata (CAs) on the Meiko Computing Surface. Cape is struc-tured in a way that allows application-speciic elements to be replaced whilst retaining the core of the tool. One of the applications areas(More)
Nontraumatic intracranial dissecting aneurysms have rarely been reported as the cause of acute infantile and childhood hemiplegia. The present case is unique because dissecting aneurysms occurred bilaterally in two clinically distinct episodes. A recent dissecting aneurysm of the right intracranial internal carotid artery was present with a healed(More)
Sections of the occipital cortex from 31 fetuses, infants and children, ranging in age from 15 weeks gestation to ten years postnatal, were stained to demonstrate alkaline phosphatase activity in intracortical vessels. At 15 weeks gestation intracortical positively staining vessels, assumed to be arterial precursors, were radially oriented, originating from(More)
A 31/2-year-old girl presented with frequent falls. She had an unsteady gait, delayed behavioural development absent tendon reflexes and in the legs decreased strength tone and equivocal plantar responses. She then developed ataxia, nystagmus, choreoathetosis, cranial nerve palsies, diminished strength and tone in the arms, sensory deficit in the limbs and(More)
We describe neurochemical abnormalities found in the brains of 2 patients with autopsy-confirmed Hallervorden-Spatz (HS) disease. In 1 patient, contents of cystine and of glutathione-cysteine mixed disulfide in the globus pallidus were markedly elevated above values for appropriate control subjects. Activity of cysteine dioxygenase, which converts cysteine(More)
Eight children with clinical and radiologic abnormalities consistent with periventricular leukomalacia were investigated with MR imaging of the brain that employed both inversion-recovery and T2-weighted spin-echo imaging sequences. The more precise delineation of white and gray matter on inversion-recovery images as compared with CT allows a detailed(More)
We report the clinical, radiological, and neuropathological features of selective brainstem injury in an asphyxiated term infant. Disproportionate injury to thalamus, basal ganglia, and brainstem with relative sparing of cortex and subcortical white matter is observed occasionally after acute total asphyxia. Although this entity has been well documented(More)
The medulla was sampled from nine cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and from six age-matched control cases without neurological disease. Morphometric analyses were performed on serial Nissl sections through the hypoglossal nucleus on the left side of the medulla. The total volume of the nucleus and both the numerical density (Nv, cells per mm3)(More)
  • M G Norman
  • 1980
A 26 week gestation fetus with bilaterally symmetrical encephaloclastic lesions in the cerebral hemispheres is described. Information about gestation allows dating of the cerebral insult to the 3-4th fetal month. The history and morphology in this case suggest that insults occurring at or before the 3-4th fetal month interfere with normal neuroblast(More)
We describe the occurrence of Wernicke's encephalopathy in two children in whom the diagnosis was not suspected during life. Postmortem examination showed changes characteristic of the disease. This preventable and treatable condition is probably underdiagnosed in poorly nourished, nonalcoholic patients of all ages.