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Amiloride inhibition of single fiber responses of the rat chorda tympani to ionic chemical and electrical tongue stimulations was studied. Amiloride reduced responses to both chemical and electrical stimulations with NaCl or LiCl in most of the single fibers. However, the magnitude of reduction of the response by amiloride varied among the fibers and was(More)
Qualitative similarities and differences among various taste stimuli were examined by comparing the generalization patterns of a conditioned aversion from single chemicals to other compounds in 3 different strains of mice (BALB, C3H and C57BL mice). It was observed as a common characteristic in all 3 strains of mice that generalization gradients among(More)
Taste sensitivity of preweanling mice was studied by examining responses of the chorda tympani (CT) and glossopharyngeal (GL) nerves to various taste stimuli, and was compared to that of adult mice. In mice of 7-10 days of age, comparing to that of the CT nerve, threshold of the GL nerve for monosodium l-glutamate (MSG) was low, but those for sucrose and(More)
1. Single chorda tympani fibres sensitive to monosodium L-glutamate (MSG), elicit a unique taste in humans and gave a greater response to NaCl and/or sucrose than to MSG whereas several MSG-sensitive glossopharyngeal fibres responded only slightly if at all to NaCl and sucrose. 2. The across-fibre correlations showed that MSG and NaCl produced similar(More)
Taste sensitivity in mice and its strain variation were studied by examining integrated responses and single fiber discharges of the chorda tympani nerve to various taste stimuli in the 3 different strains of mice (BALB, C3H and C57BL mice). A comparison among integrated responses of the 3 strains demonstrated that C57BL mice possess the highest sensitivity(More)
1. Behavioural studies using the conditioned taste aversion (CTA) paradigm in mice showed that aversion conditioned to monosodium L-glutamate (MSG), which elicits a unique taste in humans, did not strongly generalize to any of the four basic taste stimuli, suggesting that mice could behaviourally discriminate between MSG and the four basic taste stimuli. 2.(More)
Gustatory responses from the mouse chorda tympani nerve were tested with various chemical solutions. Magnitudes of integrated chorda tympani responses to the 4 basic taste stimuli were greater in the order of HCl, sucrose, NaCl and quinine-HCl. Sucrose was the most effective sugar tested, while NaCl was the least effective salt, but divalent chloride salts(More)
Responses of rat chorda tympani fibers to stimulations of the tongue with linearly rising anodal currents of varying rise rates and intensities, cathodal currents and chemical solutions representing the four basic taste qualities were obtained. Single fibers were classified into four types according to their response patterns to anodal and cathodal current(More)