M. Fouad Bouzidi

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For important food crops such as wheat and rice, grain yield depends on grain number and size. In rice (Oryza sativa), GW2 was isolated from a major quantitative trait locus for yield and encodes an E3 RING ligase that negatively regulates grain size. Wheat (Triticum aestivum) has TaGW2 homologues in the A, B, and D genomes, and polymorphisms in TaGW2-A(More)
Resistance of sunflower to the obligate parasite Plasmopara halstedii is conferred by specific dominant genes, denoted Pl. The Pl6 locus confers resistance to all races of P. halstedii except one, and must contain at least 11 tightly linked genes each giving resistance to different downy mildew races. Specific primers were designed and used to amplify 13(More)
The resistance of sunflower, Helianthus annuus L., to downy mildew, caused by Plasmopara halstedii, is conferred by major genes denoted by Pl. Using degenerate and specific primers, 16 different resistance gene analogs (RGAs) have been cloned and sequenced. Sequence comparison and Southern-blot analysis distinguished six classes of RGA. Two of these(More)
Sunflower downy mildew, caused by Plasmopara halstedii, is one of the major diseases of this crop. Development of elite sunflower lines resistant to different races of this oomycete seems to be the most efficient method to limit downy mildew damage. At least two different gene clusters conferring resistance to different races of P. halstedii have been(More)
The identification of 249 proteins in the first 2 wks of wheat grain development enabled the chronological description of the early processes of grain formation. Cell division involved expression of the enzymes and proteins of the cytoskeleton and structure, DNA repair and replication enzymes and cellular metabolism enzymes (synthesis of amino acids, cell(More)
Downy mildew caused by Plasmopara halstedii is one of the main diseases causing economic losses in cultivated sunflower. Resistance in this host is conferred by major genes denoted Pl. The inbred sunflower line QIR8, which contains the Pl8 locus and is resistant to all known downy mildew races, was used to isolate a full-length resistance gene analogue(More)
Mitochondrial creatine kinase (mtCK) activity has been measured in the mitochondria isolated from the muscle of 69 patients suspected of mitochondrial diseases. The isolated mitochondria did not contain significant amounts of the muscle isoform of creatine kinase, as checked by an immunoassay performed after electrophoretic separation of the various(More)
A sunflower BAC library consisting of 147,456 clones with an average size of 118 kb has been constructed and characterized. It represents approximately 5× sunflower haploid genome equivalents. The BAC library has been arranged in pools and superpools of DNA allowing screening with various PCR-based markers. Each of the 32 superpools contains 4,608 clones(More)
The expression of mitochondrial proteins of two patients suffering from myopathy with progressive exercise intolerance and exhibiting a deficiency in the enzymatic activity of complex III (ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase) has been analyzed by immunological titration. In both patients, the Fe-S protein, the cytochrome b and the 9.5 kDa protein were(More)
We have studied the fibroblasts of three patients suffering from Leigh syndrome associated with cytochrome c oxidase deficiency (LS-COX–). Their mitochondrial DNA was functional and all nuclear COX subunits had a normal sequence. The expression of transcripts encoding mitochondrial and nuclear COX subunits was normal or slightly increased. Similarly, the(More)