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The mutant human cell line 11.1 is unresponsive to interferon alpha. Here we describe the genetic complementation of this mutant and the identification and cloning of the wild-type gene that corrects the defect. Using transfection with genomic DNA in conjunction with a powerful back-selection, we isolated a cosmid that reverts the mutant phenotype of 11.1(More)
Mutations in FOXL2, a forkhead transcription factor gene, have recently been shown to cause blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) types I and II, a rare genetic disorder. In BPES type I a complex eyelid malformation is associated with premature ovarian failure (POF), whereas in BPES type II the eyelid defect occurs as an isolated(More)
The Forkhead transcription factor FOXL2 plays a crucial role in ovarian development and maintenance. In humans, its mutations lead to craniofacial abnormalities, isolated or associated with ovarian dysfunction. Using a combinatorial approach, we identified and characterized a FoxL2 response element (FLRE) and showed that it is highly specific and that it(More)
In the course of positional cloning of the Congenital Dyserythropoietic Anemia type I (CDAI) [MIM 224120] gene on 15q15.1-15.3, we examined a family of French origin, in which the propositus suffered from asthenoteratozoospermia and nonsyndromic deafness in addition to CDAI. Two of his brothers had a similar phenotype. All three siblings were homozygous(More)
The antigen defined by a rat monoclonal antibody directed to a Burkitt lymphoma cell line was identified as globotriaosylceramide [Gal alpha (1 leads to 4)-Gal beta (1 leads to 4)-Glc beta (1 leads to 1)-ceramide]. The antibody demonstrated a strict steric specificity since it did not react with globoisotriaosylceramide [Gal alpha (1 leads to 3)-Gal beta (1(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to determine whether mutations of meiotic genes, such as disrupted meiotic cDNA (DMC1), MutS homolog (MSH4), MSH5, and S. cerevisiae homolog (SPO11), were associated with premature ovarian failure (POF). DESIGN Case-control study. METHODS Blood sampling, karyotype, hormonal dosage, ultrasound, and ovarian biopsy were(More)
In humans, testis development depends on a regulated genetic hierarchy initiated by the Y-linked SRY gene. Failure of testicular determination results in the condition termed 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis (GD). Several components of the testis determining pathway have recently been identified though it has been difficult to articulate a cascade with the known(More)
Shigella flexneri , the causative agent of bacil-lary dysentery, has the ability to enter nonphagocytic cells. The interferon (IFN) family of cytokines was found to inhibit Shigella invasion of cultured epithelial cells. We show here that IFN-␣ inhibits a Src-dependent signaling cascade triggered by Shigella that leads to the reorganization of the host cell(More)
The testis-determining factor gene (TDF) lies on the Y chromosome and is responsible for initiating male sex determination. SRY is a gene located in the sex-determining region of the human and mouse Y chromosomes and has many of the properties expected for TDF. Sex reversal in XY females results from the failure of the testis determination or(More)
The murine PL10 cDNA corresponds to a transcript expressed only in the male germ line. Its expression is developmentally regulated, with high levels of transcripts being present during the meiotic and haploid stages of spermatogenesis. The deduced protein is shown to be highly homologous to the murine translation initiation factor eIF-4A and to other(More)