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Following the pioneering work of C. Dreyfus-Brisac and N. Monod, research into neonatal electroencephalography (EEG) has developed tremendously in France. French neurophysiologists who had been trained in Paris (France) collaborated on a joint project on the introduction, development, and currently available neonatal EEG recording techniques. They assessed(More)
From the first publication of C. Dreyfus-Brisac and N. Monod, a strong tradition combined with tremendous development of neonatal EEG has taken place in France. After 3 years of collaborative work, 12 clinical neurophysiologists trained at the Port-Royal medical school in Paris detail in this paper the currently available neonatal EEG recording techniques.(More)
The Hoffmann monosynaptic reflex was recorded in the soleus muscle in 105 healthy children aged between 2 days and 5 years. From this the nerve conduction velocity in the proximal segment of the sciatic nerve was calculated. The tibial nerve conduction velocity (motor) was also measured in 59 of these children. The conduction velocity in the proximal and(More)
Positive temporal sharp waves (PTS) were studied in electroencephalograms (EEG) of 92 premature infants born either at 31 and 32 weeks of gestational age, recorded during the first week of life. The infants were assigned either to a reference group (asymptomatic) or to one of three pathologic groups (neonatal asphyxia, hypoglycemia or hypocalcemia, or(More)
Nerve conduction velocity (NCV), according to age, was studied in normal children. Motor distal ulnar NCV (in 63 children, from 1 day to 4 years of age), motor distal tibial NCV (in 93 children, from birth to 15 years of age), proprioceptive tibial NCV (in 59 children, from birth to 5 years of age) and proximal CV (in 133 children from birth to 15 years of(More)
The excitability of the monosynaptic reflex pathway was tested in infants and children from birth to four years of age during waking and sleeping. The H reflex, evoked in the soleus muscle, was used to calculate the ratio, maximal H to maximal M, construct recruitment curves and test reflex excitability by the paired stimulus method. The excitability of the(More)
An electromyographic study of reflex responses elicited by stimulation of an area of skin in the lower limb was undertaken in awake or sleeping children from 3 days to 3 years of age. Recordings were made on the tibialis anterior and the short head of the femoral biceps. In the awake child, electrical stimulation of the cutaneous area around the toes evoked(More)
The blink reflex was elicited in 50 children from birth to 3 years of age. In the awake state, the R1 response was always obtained; R2 responses, especially contralateral ones, were more difficult to elicit under 9 months of age. R1 latency and VIIth motor nerve conduction variations were a good witness of the peripheral nervous system maturation. The(More)
Hoffman's reflex was evoked in the soleus muscle of 105 normal children from birth to age 5 years. This technique made it possible to determine conduction time and to estimate conduction velocity over the reflex arc. For 59 children, proprioceptive and motor distal nerve conduction velocities were calculated for the tibial nerve trunk. These measurements(More)
Thirty-five normal two-month-old infants had nighttime followed by daytime polygraphic recordings. Heart rates were calculated every minute in active and quiet sleep states. A difference in mean heart rates was found between the two states and between the two recordings. Rates were lower at night than during the day (P < 0.0001), regardless of the sleep(More)