M. F. Siaw

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The nucleotide sequence of the RNA of tobacco vein mottling virus, a member of the potyvirus group, was determined. The RNA was found to be 9471 residues in length, excluding a 3'-terminal poly(A) tail. The first three AUG codons from the 5'-terminus were followed by in-frame termination codons. The fourth, at position 206, was the beginning of an open(More)
The objective of this study was to design and validate a next-generation sequencing assay (NGS) to detect BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations. We developed an assay using random shearing of genomic DNA followed by RNA bait tile hybridization and NGS sequencing on both the Illumina MiSeq and Ion Personal Gene Machine (PGM). We determined that the MiSeq Reporter(More)
A deficiency of adenosine deaminase, an enzyme important in purine nucleoside catabolism, is associated with a severe combined immunodeficiency disease in children. Inhibition of this enzyme in vitro and in vivo results in an impairment in lymphoblast proliferation. We have investigated the pharmacologic inhibition of this enzyme by 2'-deoxycoformycin in 15(More)
A tropism test is required prior to initiation of CCR5 antagonist therapy in HIV-1 infected individuals, as these agents are not effective in patients harboring CXCR4 (X4) coreceptor-using viral variants. We developed a clinical laboratory-based genotypic tropism test for detection of CCR5-using (R5) or X4 variants that utilizes triplicate population(More)
Hereditary deficiency of the enzyme adenosie deaminase (adenosine aminohydrolase, EC 3.5.4.4) results in an immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by a marked reduction in circulating lymphocytes. We have administered 2'-deoxycoformycin, a potent inhibitor of adenosine deaminase, to a patient with a lymphoproliferative malignancy. The clinical consequences(More)
The nature of the 5' terminus of tobacco vein mottling virus (TVMV) RNA, a member of the potyvirus group, was investigated. Digestion of viral RNA with ribonuclease led to the appearance of a new polypeptide band of apparent molecular weight 24,000 (24 kDa) after electrophoresis on denaturing polyacrylamide gels. Viral RNA was subjected to radioiodination(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus/C3d receptor (CR2) of human B lymphocytes was purified to homogeneity from Raji cells by immunoaffinity chromatography. The average yield of the 145-kilodalton receptor was 400 pmol (50 micrograms) per 10(10) cells, representing an approximate 75% recovery. The isolated 145-kilodalton protein was antigenically and functionally intact(More)
Four monoclonal antibodies (OKB7, HB-5, AB-1, and anti-B2) that recognize a 145-kDa B cell-specific membrane structure have markedly different abilities to 1) inhibit C3d and EBV binding to B cells, 2) immunoprecipitate a 145-kDa B cell protein, and 3) stimulate B cell proliferation and differentiation into Ig-secreting cells. This study was initiated to(More)
The biochemical and metabolic effects of deoxycoformycin, a potent inhibitor of adenosine deaminase, were investigated using two human T lymphoblastoid cell lines. A dose-response analysis demonstrated that the concentration of deoxycoformycin at which there was 50% inhibition of growth was greater than 1 X 10(-3) M in lymphoblastoid cells. Uptake of(More)