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BACKGROUND Very little is known about the expression of ion channels in prostate cells (both normal and malignant), and their possible role in physiological and pathological functions. We therefore studied ion conductances and their role in the proliferation of LNCaP cells, an androgen-sensitive human prostate cancer cell line. METHODS We applied(More)
A cDNA encoding a GABA(A) receptor subunit was isolated from rat brain. The predicted protein is 70% identical to the human epsilon-subunit. It was recently reported [Sinkkonen et al. (2000), J. Neurosci., 20, 3588-3595] that the rodent epsilon-subunit mRNA encoded an additional sequence ( approximately 400 residues). We provide evidence that human and rat(More)
PRL receptor (PRL-R) activation by PRL triggers a cascade of intracellular events including homodimerization of the receptor, activation of cytoplasmic receptor-associated tyrosine kinase and tyrosine-phosphorylation of various signal transducers. In CHO cells, transfected with the long form of PRL-R, an increase in [Ca2+]i was observed following PRL(More)
The effect of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) and gonadotropin-releasing hormone-associated peptide (GAP) was studied on both secretion and intracellular free Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) in human pituitary cells cultured from prolactin (PRL)-secreting tumors. Secretion was measured during a 30-min incubation period and we used a(More)
There is still only limited understanding of the early steps of prolactin (PRL) signal transduction in target cells. Recent studies have identified some of the essential first steps: these include the rapid association of the PRL receptor with JAK tyrosine kinases and tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of proteins, including members of the signal(More)
In this study, we compared the effects of different chloride (Cl(-)) substitutes - methane sulfonate (CH(3)SO(-)(3)), bromide (Br(-)), nitrate (NO(-)(3)), thiocyanate (SCN(-)) and perchlorate (ClO(-)(4)) - on the secretory activity and calcium current activation of rat lactotropes in primary culture. We observed that CH(3)SO(-)(3) decreased basal prolactin(More)
Ionotropic GABA(A) receptors are heteromeric structures composed of a combination of five from at least 16 different subunits. Subunit genes are expressed in distinct cell types at specific times during development. The most abundant native GABA(A) receptors consist of alpha1-, beta2-, and gamma2-subunits that are co-expressed in numerous brain areas.(More)
Human GH-secreting tumors are heterogenous regarding their basal secretory activity and response to GH-releasing factor (GRF). We have investigated whether such different secretory properties could be accounted for by alterations of intracellular mechanisms occurring at the calcium level. Basal free intracellular calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i) and Ca2+(More)
We have used the human calcium- and temperature-dependent (HaCaT) keratinocyte cell line to elucidate mechanisms of switching from a proliferating to a differentiating state. When grown in low calcium medium (<0.1 mM) HaCaT cells proliferate. However, an increase in the calcium concentration of the culture medium, [Ca(2+)](0), induces growth arrest and the(More)
The action mechanism of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) on the cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and high-threshold voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel activity was studied in human nonsecreting (NS) pituitary adenoma cells. [Ca2+]i was monitored in individual cells by dual emission microspectrofluorimetry using indo 1 as intracellular(More)