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BACKGROUND Meningiomas may occur either as familial tumors in two distinct disorders, familial multiple meningioma and neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2), or sporadically, as either single or multiple tumors in individuals with no family history. Meningiomas in NF2 and approximately 60% of sporadic meningiomas involve inactivation of the NF2 locus, encoding the(More)
Meningiomas, one of the most common human brain tumors, are derived from arachnoidal cells associated with brain meninges, are usually benign, and are frequently associated with neurofibromatosis type 2. Here, we define a typical human meningioma microRNA (miRNA) profile and characterize the effects of one downregulated miRNA, miR-200a, on tumor growth.(More)
The effects of increasing concentrations of halothane and enflurane on selected components of the auditory evoked response were studied in 12 patients; six received halothane and six enflurane. After the induction of anaesthesia with thiopentone, anaesthesia was maintained with 70% nitrous oxide in oxygen. Ventilation was controlled. The inspired(More)
The effects of intravenously administered ethanol and morphine on pain threshold, reaction time, motor skills and short-term memory were investigated, and the ability of naloxone to reverse any changes was studied. Morphine (loading dose 0.2 mg/kg with an infusion of 0.004 mg/kg per min) and ethanol (loading dose 0.75 ml/kg with an infusion of 0.0025 ml/kg(More)
Pam and its homologs (the PHR protein family) are large E3 ubiquitin ligases that function to regulate synapse formation and growth in mammals, zebrafish, Drosophila, and Caenorhabditis elegans. Phr1-deficient mouse models (Phr1(Δ8,9) and Phr1(Magellan), with deletions in the N-terminal putative guanine exchange factor region and the C-terminal ubiquitin(More)
Although there are data demonstrating reversal of cerebral vasospasm with magnesium sulfate, there is little information on the effects of magnesium on the normal intact cerebral vasculature. This study investigated the actions of magnesium on cerebral blood flow (CBF) velocity, cardiovascular variables, and arterial gas tensions. Magnesium sulfate was(More)
Meningiomas, common tumors arising from arachnoidal cells of the meninges, may occur sporadically, or in association with the inherited disorder, neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2). Most sporadic meningiomas result from NF2 inactivation, resulting in loss of tumor suppressor merlin, implicated in regulating membrane-cytoskeletal organization. To investigate merlin(More)
Magnesium inhibits the release of acetylcholine from the motor nerve terminal and thus potentiates the action of the non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking drugs. We have examined the possibility that this effect might enhance the speed of onset of non-depolarizing block with pancuronium. Following the administration of pancuronium 100 micrograms kg-1, 95%(More)
BACKGROUND Higher-grade meningiomas (HGMs; World Health Organization grades II and III) pose a clinical problem due to high recurrence rates and the absence of effective therapy. Preclinical development of novel therapeutics requires a disease model that recapitulates the genotype and phenotype of patient HGM. Oncolytic herpes simplex virus (oHSV) has shown(More)