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The effects of intravenously administered ethanol and morphine on pain threshold, reaction time, motor skills and short-term memory were investigated, and the ability of naloxone to reverse any changes was studied. Morphine (loading dose 0.2 mg/kg with an infusion of 0.004 mg/kg per min) and ethanol (loading dose 0.75 ml/kg with an infusion of 0.0025 ml/kg(More)
BACKGROUND There are no general policies or protocols for procedural sedation in the emergency department and no literature on present practice in South Africa. AIMS To investigate procedural sedation (PS) practice in adults in emergency departments (EDs) in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed by(More)
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