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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Advances in type 2 diabetes genetics have raised hopes that genetic testing will improve disease prediction, prevention and treatment. Little is known about current physician and patient views regarding type 2 diabetes genetic testing. We hypothesised that physician and patient views would differ regarding the impact of genetic testing on(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes involves pro-inflammatory pathways. We tested the hypothesis that IL-18 predicts future diabetes cases. METHODS We used a nested case-control design based in the Nurses' Health Study. Baseline blood samples were collected between 1989 and 1990. Questionnaires to assess body weight, lifestyle (physical(More)
OBJECTIVE Prevention would be the ideal public health strategy to face the current obesity epidemic. Adoption of healthy lifestyles during the first years of college or university could prevent the onset of weight gain associated with this period of acquired independence and eventually decrease the incidence of obesity. DESIGN Randomized-controlled trial(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Lower adiponectin levels are associated with higher risk of incident type 2 diabetes. Most analyses have been adjusted for confounding factors, but few have taken into account insulin resistance per se. We tested the hypothesis that the association of adiponectin levels with incident type 2 diabetes differs between insulin-resistant and(More)
Leptin is an adipokine that acts in the central nervous system and regulates energy balance. Animal models and human observational studies have suggested that leptin surge in the perinatal period has a critical role in programming long-term risk of obesity. In utero exposure to maternal hyperglycemia has been associated with increased risk of obesity later(More)
AIM To compare the effectiveness and cost of two lifestyle-modification programmes in individuals at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. METHODS Forty-eight men and women with a body mass index ≥27 kg/m(2) and prediabetes were randomly assigned to either a 1-year interdisciplinary intervention including individual counseling every 6 weeks and 25(More)
In this review, we discuss the potential role of metabolomics to enhance understanding of obesity-related developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD). We first provide an overview of common techniques and analytical approaches to help interested investigators dive into this relatively novel field. Next, we describe how metabolomics may capture(More)
Placental lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is crucial for placental lipid transfer. Impaired LPL gene expression and activity were reported in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and intra-uterine growth restriction. We hypothesized that placental LPL DNA methylation is altered by maternal metabolic status and could contribute to fetal(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of weight gain and changes in adiposity distribution on insulin resistance and circulating adiponectin variations over 4 years in free-living normal weight young adults. In this prospective observational cohort (n=42 women, 18 men), anthropometric measurements and blood samples were collected in the fasting(More)
Obesity has now reached epidemic proportions. Epidemiological studies in the past decades have shown that adults gain weight and adiposity from the early twenties until their sixties. In the paediatric population, growing numbers of children and adolescents put on unhealthy weight. Many environmental, socio-economical and biological determinants that(More)