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The propagation of 300 femtosecond optical pulses in Silicon-on Insulator waveguides has been studied by means of a pump-probe set-up. The ultrafast pulses allowed the observation of large Kerr-induced red and blue shifts (9nm and 15nm, respectively) of the probe signal depending on the delay between pump (1554nm) and probe (1683nm) pulses. A numerical(More)
The use of high-resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) to visualize penetration kinetics during the initial phase of chemical eye burns is evaluated. The changes in scattering properties and thickness of rabbit cornea ex vivo were monitored after topical application of different corrosives by time-resolved OCT imaging. Eye burn causes changes in the(More)
Two femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers with slightly different repetition rates near 1 GHz are coupled to implement high-speed asynchronous optical sampling. The application of this technique is successfully demonstrated in the field of terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (TDS). A time delay of 1 ns is scanned at a frequency of 5 kHz without moving mechanical(More)
So far the study of chemical burns has lacked techniques to define penetration kinetics and the effects of decontamination within biological structures. In this study, we aim to demonstrate that high-resolution optical coherence tomography (HR-OCT) can close this gap. Rabbit corneas were exposed ex vivo to 2.5% hydrofluoric acid (HF) solution, and(More)
We report on ultrafast optical experiments in which femtosecond midinfrared radiation is used to excite the lattice of complex oxide heterostructures. By tuning the excitation energy to a vibrational mode of the substrate, a long-lived five-order-of-magnitude increase of the electrical conductivity of NdNiO(3) epitaxial thin films is observed as a(More)
  • W S Lee, Y D Chuang, +32 authors Z Hussain
  • 2012
The dynamics of an order parameter's amplitude and phase determines the collective behaviour of novel states emerging in complex materials. Time- and momentum-resolved pump-probe spectroscopy, by virtue of measuring material properties at atomic and electronic time scales out of equilibrium, can decouple entangled degrees of freedom by visualizing their(More)
We introduce a scheme for single-shot detection and correction of the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) drift of femtosecond pulses at mid-IR wavelengths. Difference frequency mixing between the mid-IR field and a near-IR gate pulse generates a near-IR frequency-shifted pulse, which is then spectrally interfered with a replica of the gate pulse. The spectral(More)
Amorphous and crystalline phases of Ge 2 Sb 2 Te 5 films are investigated by coherent phonon spectroscopy. By heating amorphous films above specific temperatures, the coherent phonon signatures exhibit pronounced changes due to the crystallization of the amorphous phase into a cubic lattice and the transition from the cubic to a hexagonal crystal structure.(More)
The coupling of Bloch oscillations to longitudinal optical phonons is investigated in a narrow-well In 0.53 Ga 0.47 As/In 0.52 Al 0.48 As superlattice. A strong increase of coherent phonon amplitudes is observed when the Bloch oscillations are subsequently tuned into resonance with different optical phonon modes. The rapid dephasing of the Bloch(More)
Terahertz-frequency optical pulses can resonantly drive selected vibrational modes in solids and deform their crystal structures. In complex oxides, this method has been used to melt electronic order, drive insulator-to-metal transitions and induce superconductivity. Strikingly, coherent interlayer transport strongly reminiscent of superconductivity can be(More)