Learn More
Recently, it has been demonstrated that the fat-derived protein adiponectin is an important insulin-sensitizing adipocytokine which is downregulated in insulin resistance and obesity and replenishment of which in adiponectin-deficient states improves insulin sensitivity. To clarify the regulation of adiponectin gene expression, 3T3-L1 adipocytes were(More)
Molecular events that lead to the development of autonomously functioning thyroid nodules (AFTNs) are somatic mutations of the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) in approximately 60% of the nodules and less frequently, somatic mutations in the Gsalpha protein. However, AFTNs without known mutations indicate that other causes remain to be identified. Moreover, the(More)
Autonomously functioning thyroid nodules are characterized by an increased proliferation and function, which is predominantly caused by constitutively activating TSH receptor mutations leading to an activation of cAMP. In contrast to autonomously functioning thyroid nodules, cold thyroid nodules are functionally inactive and less differentiated. Their(More)
CONTEXT Histologic examination of thyroid nodules is the current standard to distinguish benign from malignant thyroid epithelial tumors and to classify histologic subtypes. This review analyzes the problems in histological differential diagnosis as well as contradictions between histology and molecular data and describes possibilities to combine histology(More)
MOTIVATION The power of microarray analyses to detect differential gene expression strongly depends on the statistical and bioinformatical approaches used for data analysis. Moreover, the simultaneous testing of tens of thousands of genes for differential expression raises the 'multiple testing problem', increasing the probability of obtaining false(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Results for the detection of point mutations and rearrangements have thus far been obtained by fresh material of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). After a first retrospective study we report on the diagnostic detection in routinely obtained, consecutive air-dried FNAC smears. METHODS RNA and DNA was extracted from 154(More)
Resistin has recently been implicated as an adipocytokine leading to insulin resistance and, therefore, potentially linking obesity and diabetes. To further characterize the regulation of this fat-secreted protein by insulin sensitivity-modulating hormones, 3T3-L1 adipocytes were treated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha, angiotensin (AT) 2, as well as(More)
Microarray technology has become a powerful tool to analyze the gene expression of tens of thousands of genes simultaneously. Microarray-based gene expression profiles are available for malignant thyroid tumors (i.e., follicular thyroid carcinoma, and papillary thyroid carcinoma), and for benign thyroid tumors (such as autonomously functioning thyroid(More)
Recently, it has been shown that the fat-derived factor adiponectin is downregulated in insulin resistance and obesity and that replenishment of this adipocytokine reverses insulin resistance in mice. Growing evidence, on the other hand, suggests that raised levels of catecholamines due to increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system are an integral(More)
OBJECTIVE We explored whether the distribution of adipose cell size, the estimated total number of adipose cells, and the expression of adipogenic genes in subcutaneous adipose tissue are linked to the phenotype of high visceral and low subcutaneous fat depots in obese adolescents. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 38 adolescents with similar degrees(More)