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BACKGROUND Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy is regarded as a feasible and safe surgical alternative to open distal pancreatectomy for lesions of the pancreatic tail and body. The aim of the present systematic review was to provide recommendations for clinical practice and research on the basis of surgical morbidity, such as pancreas fistula, delayed(More)
PURPOSE During kidney transplantation (KTx), the length of cold ischemia time (CIT) and the subsequent changes in energy metabolism may lead to variations in interstitial metabolites. Using microdialysis (MD), we evaluated the effects of a short and long CIT on changes of these metabolites. METHODS Sixteen pigs were randomized in two identical groups, one(More)
Common bile duct stones (CBDSs) may occur in up to 3%-14.7% of all patients for whom cholecystectomy is preformed. Patients presenting with CBDS have symptoms including: biliary colic, jaundice, cholangitis, pancreatitis or may be asymptomatic. It is important to distinguish between primary and secondary stones, because the treatment approach varies. Stones(More)
Experimental animal research has been pivotal in the development of clinical liver transplantation (LTx). Results obtained in these experiments have been applied in clinic and clinical challenges have been scrutinized in animal laboratories. Porcine model is an optimal model in the field of experimental LTx research. Here, we present the various techniques(More)
BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION Without adequate prophylaxis, liver transplantation (LTx) is frequently followed by hepatitis B virus (HBV) reinfection, which results in rapidly progressing liver disease and significantly decreased overall survival. In the last two decades, significant progress has been made in the prophylaxis and treatment of HBV. DISCUSSION(More)
BACKGROUND An accident or a catastrophic disease may occasionally lead to brain death (BD) during pregnancy. Management of brain-dead pregnant patients needs to follow special strategies to support the mother in a way that she can deliver a viable and healthy child and, whenever possible, also be an organ donor. This review discusses the management of(More)
BACKGROUND Microdialysis (MD) can detect organ-related metabolic changes before they become measurable in plasma through the biochemical parameters. This study aims to evaluate the early detection of metabolic changes during experimental kidney transplantation (KTx). MATERIAL AND METHODS During preparation of 8 donor kidneys, one MD catheter was inserted(More)
BACKGROUND In kidney transplantation (KTx), vascular thrombosis has a major impact on morbidity and graft survival. The ischaemia, caused by thrombosis, can lead to interstitial metabolite changes. The aim of this experimental study was to create conditions in which the graft would be prone to vascular thrombosis following KTx and then to evaluate the role(More)
BACKGROUND Choledocholithiasis exists in approximately 15% of patients with gallstones and is present in 3%-10% of those undergoing cholecystectomy. METHODS In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the outcome patients with choledocholithiasis that were managed by open common bile duct (CBD) exploration according to our center's protocol. Endoscopic(More)
AIMS Different surgical transection methods have been used for distal pancreatectomy (DP), but none of them has yet achieved perfect results. This study compares 2 standard transection techniques with the alternative LigaSure technique. METHODS Forty-eight pigs underwent a DP. Sixteen animals were operated on with a scalpel followed by hand suturing.(More)